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AX-PET: A novel PET detector concept with full 3D reconstruction

AuthorsLacasta Llácer, Carlos ; Braem, A.; Joram, C.; Seguinot, J.; Dissertori, G.; Djambazov, L.; Lustermann, W.; Nessi-Tedaldi, F.; Pauss, F.; Schinzel, D.; Solevi, Paola ; Oliver Guillén, José Francisco ; Rafecas López, Magdalena ; De Leo, R.; Nappi, E.; Vilardi, I.; Chesi, E.; Cochran, E.; Honscheid, K.; Kagan, Harris; Rudge, A.; Smith, S.; Weilhammer, Peter; Johnson, I.; Renker, D.; Clinthorne, Neal H.; Huh, Sam; Bolle, E.; Stapnes, S.; Meddi, F.
KeywordsPositron Emission Tomography
Issue Date21-Oct-2009
CitationNuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research - Section A 610 (1): 192-195 (2009)
AbstractWe describe the concept and first experimental tests of a novel 3D axial Positron Emission Tomography (PET) geometry. It allows for a new way of measuring the interaction point in the detector with very high precision. It is based on a matrix of long Lutetium-Yttrium OxyorthoSilicate (LYSO) crystals oriented in the axial direction, each coupled to one Geiger Mode Avalanche Photodiode (G-APD) array. To derive the axial coordinate, Wave Length Shifter (WLS) strips are mounted orthogonally and interleaved between the crystals. The light from the WLS strips is read by custom-made G-APDs. The weighted mean of the signals in the WLS strips has proven to give very precise axial resolution. The achievable resolution along the three axes is mainly driven by the dimensions of the LYSO crystals and WLS strips. This concept is inherently free of parallax errors. Furthermore, it will allow identification of Compton interactions in the detector and for reconstruction of a fraction of them, which is expected to enhance image quality and sensitivity. We present the results of proof-of-principle tests and qualification measurements of the various components prepared to build a larger scale demonstrator consisting of two matrices of 8×6 LYSO crystals and 312 WLS strips.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nima.2009.05.129
Appears in Collections:(IFIC) Artículos
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