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Title

Potato consumption does not increase blood pressure or incident hypertension in 2 cohorts of Spanish adults

AuthorsHu, E.A.; Martínez-González, Miguel Ángel; Salas-Salvadó, J.; Corella, D.; Ros, E.; Fitó, Montserrat; Garcia-Rodriguez, A.; Estruch, R.; Arós, F.; Fiol, M.; Lapetra, J.; Sarasa, I.; Basora-Gallisa, J.; Rosique-Esteban, N.; Rodríguez, M.A.; Corbella, X.; Canudas, S.; Corbella, E.; Muñoz, M.A. CSIC; Tur, J.A.; Llauradó, M.; del Hierro, T. ; Rico, A.; Cabezas, C.; Vinyoles, E.; Rovira, M.A.; González, R.; Garcia, L.; Brau, A.; Sáez, G.; Fernández-Montero, A.; Pérez-de-Ciriza, P.; Bobe, I.; Navajas,; Sánchez-Ruiz, D.; Schröder, H.; Jurado-Ruiz, E.; Buil-Cosiales, P.; Sánchez Luque, J.J.; Ferreira, C.; Diéz-Espino, Javier; Sanjulian, B.; Marti, A.; Sorlí, J.V.; Martínez, J. Alfredo; Baby, P.; Serrano-Martínez, M.; Sánchez-Tainta, A.; Fernández-Crehuet, J.; García-Arellano, A.; Fernandez, M.; Basteara-Gortari, J.; Extremera-Urabayen, J.V.; Benítez Pont, R.; Algorta, J.; Garcia-Pérez, L.; Serra-Majem, L.; Bonet, M.T.; Arroyo-Azpa, C.; Sola-Larraza, A.; Barcena, F.; Gutiérrez-Bedmar, M.; Oreja-Arrayago, C.; Lasanta-Sáez, M.J.; Mena, G.; Francisco, S.; Cia-Lecumberri, P.; Elcarte-Lopez, T.; Artal-Moneva, F.; Martín, M.T.; Vargas López, E.; Esparza-López, J.M.; Figuerido-Garmendia, E.; Cabre, M.; Wärnberg, J.; Tabar-Sarrias, J.A.; Rebholz, C.M.; Fernández-Urzainqui, L.; Ariz-Arnedo, M.J.; Martínez, P.; Cabeza-Beunza, J.A.; Sánchez, M.S.; Pascual-Pascual, P.; Martínez-Mazo, M.D.; Arina-Vergara, E.; Ruiz-Gutiérrez, Valentina CSIC ; Macua-Martínez, T.; Alonso, A.; Frontera, G.; Parra-Osés, A.; Serra-Mir, M.; Mestres, G.; Pérez-Heras, A.; Altirriba, J.; Ibarrola, N.; Viñas, C.; Casas, R.; Medina-Remón, A.; San Vicente, J.; Villanueva, P.; Baena, J.M.; Benitez Pont, R.; Perona, Javier S. CSIC ORCID ; García, M. CSIC ORCID; Oller, M.; García-García, M.; Amat, J.; Duaso, I.; Sorlí, J.; Prieto, R.; Paris, F.; García, Y.; Iglesias, C.; Simón, C.; Bianchi Alba, M.; Quinzavos, L.; Manzano, E.; Martin, F.; Basells, J.; Vizcaino, J.; Núñez-Córdoba, J.M.; Segarra, R.; Hernandez, P.; Araque, M.; Giardina, S.; Gutierrez, E.; Toledo, E.; Guasch-Ferré, Marta; Pintó, Xavier; Díaz-López, A.; Fernández-Ballart, J.; Parra, L.; Balanza, R.; Tello, S.; Ramos, A.; Vila, J.; Altés, A.; de la Torre, R.; Muñoz-Aguayo, D.; Murillo, C.; Elosua, R.; Tort, N.; Casi, A.; Marrugat, J.; Schröder, H.; Ruiz-Canela, M.; Mengual, L.; Molina, N.; Maestre, E.; Gómez-Huelgas, R.; Rovira, A.; Castañer, O.; Farré, M.; Sanz, E.; Garcia, J.; Carrasco, P.; Ortega-Azorín, C.; Romaguera, D.; Roura, P.; Asensio, E.M.; Osma, R.; Barragán, R.; Martínez-González, J.; Razquin, C.; Felipe, I.; Francés, F.; Guillén, M.; González, J.I.; Tafalla, M.; Sáiz, C.; Portillo, M.P.; Portolés, O.; Giménez, F.J.; García-Valdueza, M.; Coltell, O.; Rekondo, J.; Velasco García, V.; Fernández-Carrión, R.; Guillem-Sáiz, P.; González-Monje, I.; Bulló, M.; Quiles, L.; Yuste, M.C.; Zazpe, I.; Pascual, V.; Riera, C.; Diáz, A.; Pages, M.A.; Godoy, D.; de Diego Salas, J.; Proenza, A.; Carratalá-Calvo, A.; Sánchez-Navarro, S.; Valero-Barceló, C.; Guarner, A.; Salaverria, I.; Loma-Osorio, A.; Baca Osorio, A.; Munuera, S.; Vivó, M.; Bestard, F.; Montero Romero, Emilio; Molina, C.; Munar, J.A.; Cofán, M.; Papandreou, C.; Coll, L.; Isach, A.; Bes-Rastrollo, M.; Fiol, F.; Ginard, M.; Jover, A.; Liroz, M.; García, J.; Gómez-Gracia, E.; Santos-Lozano, J.M.; Ortega-Calvo, M.; Valls-Pedret, C.; Leal, M.; Gil Zarzosa, J.; Martínez, E. CSIC ORCID; Mellado, L.; Babio, N.; Benavent, J.; Miró-Moriano, L.; De la Fuente-Arrillaga, C.; Rovira, A.; Domínguez-Espinaco, C.; Vaquero-Diaz, S.; Iglesias, P.; Sala-Vila, A.; Román, P.; Corchado, Y.; Solis, E.; Clos, J.; Lozano-Rodríguez, J.M.; Lamuela-Raventós, R.M.; López-Sabater, M.C.; Santamaria, M.I.; Salas-Huetos, A.; Castellote-Bargalló, A. I.; Quifer-Rada, P.; Gea, A.; Doménech, M.; Tresserra-Rimbau, A.; García Roselló, J.; Sanchez-Villegas, A.; Álvarez-Pérez, J.; Cervello, T.; Díez Benítez, E.; Mata, M.; Bautista-Castaño, Inmaculada; Maldonado Díaz, I.; Fernández-Rodríguez, M. J. ; Becerra-Tomás, Nerea; Sarmiendo de la Fe, F.; Pla, I.; Pedret, R.; Simón García, C.; Falcón Sanabria, I.; Vázquez-Ruiz, Z.; Macías Gutiérrez, B.; de Juan, C.; Montull, I.; Santana Santana, A.J.; de la Cruz, E.; Galera, A.; Amorós, M.; Trias, F.
KeywordsMediterranean
PREDIMED study
SUN cohort
Blood pressure
Hypertension
Potatoes
Issue Date2017
PublisherAmerican Society for Nutritional Sciences
Oxford University Press
CitationJournal of Nutrition 147: 2272- 2281 (2017)
AbstractBackground: Potatoes have a high glycemic load but also antioxidants, vitamins, and minerals. It is unclear what mechanisms are involved in relation to their effect on blood pressure (BP) and hypertension. Objectives: This study aimed to assess the association between potato consumption, BP changes, and the risk of hypertension in 2 Spanish populations. Methods: Separate analyses were performed in PREDIMED (PREvención con DIeta MEDiterránea), a multicenter nutrition intervention trial of adults aged 55-80 y, and the SUN (Seguimiento Universidad de Navarra) project, a prospective cohort made up of university graduates and educated adults with ages (means±SDs) of 42.7±13.3 y for men and 35.1± 10.7 y for women. In PREDIMED, generalized estimating equations adjusted for lifestyle and dietary characteristics were used to assess changes in BP across quintiles of total potato consumption during a 4-y follow-up. Controlled BP values (systolic BP < 140 mm Hg and diastolic BP < 90 mm Hg) during follow-up were also assessed. For SUN, multivariateadjusted HRs for incident hypertension during a mean 6.7-y follow-up were calculated. Results: In PREDIMED, the total potato intake was 81.9 ± 40.6 g/d. No overall differences in systolic or diastolic BP changes were detected based on consumption of potatoes. For total potatoes, the mean difference in change between quintile 5 (highest intake) and quintile 1 (lowest intake) in systolic BP after multivariate adjustment was 20.90 mm Hg (95% CI: -2.56, 0.76 mm Hg; P-trend = 0.1) and for diastolic BP was 20.02 mm Hg (95% CI: -0.93, 0.89 mm Hg; P-trend = 0.8). In SUN, the total potato consumption was 52.7 ± 33.6 g/d, and no significant association between potato consumption and hypertension incidence was observed in the fully adjusted HR for total potato consumption (quintile 5 compared with quintile 1: 0.98; 95% CI: 0.80, 1.19; P-trend = 0.8). Conclusions: Potato consumption is not associated with changes over 4 y in blood pressure among older adults in Spain or with the risk of hypertension among Spanish adults.
Description5 Tablas
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.3945/jn.117.252254
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/206581
DOI10.3945/jn.117.252254
Identifiersdoi: 10.3945/jn.117.252254
issn: 1541-6100
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