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The Politics of Unemployment. The Spanish Experience in Comparative Perspective

AutorFraile Maldonado, Marta ; Maravall, José María
Palabras claveCiencias Políticas
Fecha de publicaciónjun-1998
EditorFundación Juan March
SerieEstudio/Working Paper
Nº 1998/124
ResumenThis paper will defend two related theses. The first is that, if certain institutional conditions are absent, economic policies will have unanticipated consequences that will contradict the interests of the government and its support coalition. To quote Scharpf (1991: 161), “to be successful, an economic strategy must satisfy two requirements. It must be appropriate to the (constantly changing) economic conditions that actually obtain, and it must also be feasible under existing (but equally changeable) institutional arrangements”. There are no universal blueprints that can produce similar effects whatever the institutional setting; and it is obvious that governments can hardly implement policies under conditions of their own choosing. Constraining economic and institutional conditions may indeed vary greatly. Policy goals that are compatible in some circumstances will become contradictory in others: for instance, full employment and equality for social democratic governments in different contexts. Unexpected outcomes and goals that turn out to be contradictory will force governments to make difficult choices. One of the lessons of the Spanish experience is that, besides the general difficulties faced by social democracy, specific conditions made it particularly difficult to successfully combine wages, jobs, and redistribution.
Versión del editorhttp://www.march.es/ceacs/publicaciones/working/archivos/1998_124.pdf
Aparece en las colecciones: (CCHS-IPP) Informes y documentos de trabajo
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