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Single-species fragmentation: The role of density-dependent feedback

AuthorsDornelas, Vivian; Colombo, Eduardo H.; Anteneodo, Celia
Issue DateJun-2019
PublisherAmerican Physical Society
CitationPhysical Review - Section E - Statistical Nonlinear and Soft Matter Physics 99(6): 062225 (2019)
AbstractInternal feedback is commonly present in biological populations and can play a crucial role in the emergence of collective behavior. To describe the temporal evolution of the distribution of a single-species population, we consider a generalization of the Fisher-KPP equation. This equation includes the elementary processes of random motion, reproduction, and, importantly, nonlocal interspecific competition, which introduces a spatial scale of interaction. In addition, we take into account feedback mechanisms in diffusion and growth processes, mimicked by power-law density dependencies. This feedback includes, for instance, anomalous diffusion, reaction to overcrowding or to the rarefaction of the population, as well as Allee-like effects. We show that, depending on the kind of feedback that takes place, the population can self-organize splitting into disconnected subpopulations, in the absence of external constraints. Through extensive numerical simulations, we investigate the temporal evolution and the characteristics of the stationary population distribution in the one-dimensional case. We discuss the crucial role that density-dependence has on pattern formation, particularly on fragmentation, which can bring important consequences to processes such as epidemic spread and speciation.
Publisher version (URL)http://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevE.99.062225
Identifiersdoi: 10.1103/PhysRevE.99.062225
e-issn: 2470-0053
issn: 2470-0045
Appears in Collections:(IFISC) Artículos
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