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Title

Observation of Light-by-Light Scattering in Ultraperipheral Pb+Pb Collisions with the ATLAS Detector

AuthorsÁlvarez Piqueras, D. ; Aparisi Pozo, J. A.; Bailey, A.J.; Barranco, Laura; Cabrera, Susana ; Castillo, F.L.; Castillo Mª Victoria.; Cerda Alberich, L.; Costa, María José ; Escobar, Carlos ; Estrada, Oscar; Ferrer, Antonio ; Fiorini, L. ; Fullana, Esteban ; Fuster, Juan ; García García, Carmen ; García Navarro, José Enrique ; González de la Hoz, Santiago ; Gonzalvo Rodríguez, Galo Rafael; Higón, Emilio ; Jimenez Pena, Javier; Lacasta Llácer, Carlos ; Lozano Bahilo, José J.; Madaffari, Daniele; Mamuzic, Judita; Martí García, Salvador ; Melini, Davide; Miñano Moya, M.; Mitsou, Vasiliki A. ; Rodriguez Bosca, S.; Rodriguez Rodriguez, D.; Ruiz Martínez, Arantxa ; Salt, José ; Santra, A.; Sánchez Martínez, Javier ; Soldevila, Urmila ; Valero, Alberto ; Valls Ferrer, Juan Antonio ; Vos, Marcel ; ATLAS Collaboration
Issue DateJul-2019
PublisherAmerican Physical Society
CitationPhysical Review Letters 123 (5): 052001 (2019)
AbstractThis Letter describes the observation of the light-by-light scattering process, γγ→γγ, in Pb+Pb collisions at sNN=5.02 TeV. The analysis is conducted using a data sample corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 1.73 nb-1, collected in November 2018 by the ATLAS experiment at the LHC. Light-by-light scattering candidates are selected in events with two photons produced exclusively, each with transverse energy ETγ>3 GeV and pseudorapidity |ηγ|<2.4, diphoton invariant mass above 6 GeV, and small diphoton transverse momentum and acoplanarity. After applying all selection criteria, 59 candidate events are observed for a background expectation of 12±3 events. The observed excess of events over the expected background has a significance of 8.2 standard deviations. The measured fiducial cross section is 78±13(stat)±7(syst)±3(lumi) nb.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.123.052001
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/204986
DOIhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.123.052001
Identifiersdoi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.123.052001
issn: 1079-7114
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