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Seismology of beta Cephei stars: differentially-rotating models for interpreting the oscillation spectrum of nu-Eridani

AuthorsSúarez, Juan Carlos; Moya-Bedón, Andrés ; Amado, Pedro J. ; Martín-Ruiz, Susana ; Rodríguez-López, Cristina ; Garrido, Rafael
KeywordsStars: evolution
Stars: individual (ν Eridani)
Stars: interiors
Stars: oscillations (including pulsations)
Stars: rotation
Stars: variables: other
Issue Date12-Dec-2008
PublisherAmerican Astronomical Society
CitationAstrophysical Journal 690(2): 1401-1411 (2009)
AbstractA method for the asteroseismic analysis of beta Cephei stars is presented and applied to the star nu Eridani. The method is based on the analysis of rotational splittings, and their asymmetries using differentially-rotating asteroseismic models. Models with masses around 7.13 M_sun, and ages around 14.9 Myr, were found to fit better 10 of the 14 observed frequencies, which were identified as the fundamental radial mode and the three L=1 triplets g, p, and p. The splittings and aymmetries found for these modes recover those provided in the literature, except for p. For this last mode, all its non-axysimmetric components are predicted by the models. Moreover, opposite signs of the observed and predicted splitting asymmetries are found. If identification is confirmed, this can be a very interesting source of information about the internal rotation profile, in particular in the outer regions of the star. In general, the seismic models which include a description for shellular rotation yield slightly better results as compared with those given by uniformly-rotating models. Furthermore, we show that asymmetries are quite dependent on the overshooting of the convective core, which make the present technique suitable for testing the theories describing the angular momentum redistribution and chemical mixing due to rotationally-induced turbulence.
Description35 pages, 8 figures, 3 tables.-- Pre-print archive.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/690/2/1401
Appears in Collections:(IAA) Artículos
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