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Natural Mordenite from Spain as Pozzolana

AuthorsPresa, Leticia; Costafreda, Jorge L.; Martín, Domingo A.; Díaz Carretero, Isabel
KeywordsNatural zeolite
Pozzolanic cements
Issue Date2020
PublisherMultidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
CitationMolecules 25(5): 1220 (2020)
AbstractThis work deals with anomalous concentrations of natural mordenite in the southeast of Spain. The X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) studies evidenced that the samples contain mainly monomineral zeolitic phase of mordenite (70% to 74%), usually accompanied by smectite (montmorillonite), the principal component of bentonite. A study of the applicability of these zeolites is presented to establish the potential use as pozzolanic cements. For comparative purposes, synthetic commercial mordenite is also characterized and tested. The initial mixtures were prepared using cement and mordenite at a 75:25 ratio. Chemical analysis and a pozzolanicity test showed the high pozzolanic character. These mixtures were further added to sand and water, yielding the cement specimens to be used as concrete. Mechanical test results showed that the mechanical compression at 7 and 28 days fall into the range of 19.23 to 43.05 MegaPascals (MPa) for the cement specimens built with natural mordenites. The obtained results fall in the same range of cement specimens prepared with natural clinoptilolite, using mixtures within the European requirement for commercial concretes. Thus, these results and the low cost of natural mordenite of San José de los Escullos deposit supports the potential use of natural mordenite as pozzolanic cement.
Description© 2020 by the authors.
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules25051220
Appears in Collections:(ICP) Artículos
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