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Nanostructured carbon material effect on the synthesis of carbon-supported molybdenum carbide catalysts for guaiacol hydrodeoxygenation

AuthorsOchoa, Elba; Torres Gamarra, Daniel; Pinilla Ibarz, José Luis ; Suelves Laiglesia, Isabel
KeywordsMo2C catalysts
Nanostructured carbon materials
Hydrodeoxygenation of guaiacol
Carbothermal hydrogen reduction
Issue Date5-Mar-2020
PublisherMultidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
CitationEnergies 13(5): 1189 (2020)
AbstractThe impact of using different nanostructured carbon materials (carbon nanofibers, carbon nanotubes, graphene oxide and activated carbon) as a support for Mo2C-based catalysts on the hydrodeoxygenation (HDO) of guaiacol was studied. To optimise the catalyst preparation by carbothermal hydrogen reduction (CHR), a thermogravimetric study was conducted to select the optimum CHR temperature for each carbon material, considering both the crystal size of the resulting β-Mo2C particles and the extent of the support gasification. Subsequently, catalysts were prepared in a fixed bed reactor at the optimum temperature. Catalyst characterization evidenced the differences in the catalyst morphology as compared to those prepared in the thermogravimetric study. The HDO results demonstrated that the carbon nanofiber-based catalyst was the one with the best catalytic performance. This behaviour was attributed to the high thermal stability of this support, which prevented its gasification and promoted a good evolution of the crystal size of Mo species. This catalyst exhibited well-dispersed β-Mo2C nanoparticles of ca. 11 nm. On the contrary, the other supports suffered from severe gasification (60–70% wt. loss), which resulted in poorer HDO efficiency catalysts regardless of the β-Mo2C crystal size. This exhibited the importance of the carbon support stability in Mo2C-based catalysts prepared by CHR.
Description© 2020 by the authors.-- 9 figures, 3 tables.-- Supplementary material available.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/en13051189
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