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Muscle fitness cut points for early assessment of cardiovascular risk in children and adolescents

AuthorsCastro-Piñero, José; Perez-Bey, Alejandro; Cuenca-García, Magdalena; Cabanas-Sánchez, Verónica; Gómez Martínez, Sonia ; Veiga, Óscar; Marcos, Ascensión ; Ruiz, Jonatan R.
KeywordsHandgrip strength
Standing long jump
Cardiometabolic risk
Longitudinal study
Children and adolescents
Issue Date2019
CitationJournal of Pediatrics 206: 134-141.e3 (2019)
Abstract[Objectives]: To study the cross-sectional and longitudinal (2-year follow-up) association between muscle fitness and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors in youth; whether there are muscle fitness cut points associated with CVD risk (cross-sectional); and whether the health-related muscle fitness cut points identified at baseline are associated with CVD risk 2 years later. [Study design]: In total, 237 children (110 girls) aged 6-10 years and 274 adolescents (131 girls) aged 12-16 years with complete data were included in the study (10.3% drop out). The handgrip strength and the standing long jump tests were used to assess muscle fitness. CVD risk score was computed with sum of 2 skinfolds, systolic blood pressure, insulin, glucose, triglycerides, and total cholesterol/high density lipoprotein cholesterol. [Results]: Muscle fitness at baseline was associated inversely with single CVD risk factors and CVD risk score at baseline and 2-year follow-up (all P <.05). Receiver operating characteristics curve analyses showed a significant discriminating accuracy of handgrip strength in identifying CVD risk in children and adolescents (boys: ≥ 0.367 and ≥0.473; girls: ≥ 0.306 and ≥0.423 kg/kg body mass, respectively, all P <.001). Similarly, the standing long jump cut points for children and adolescents were ≥104.5 and ≥140.5 in boys, and ≥81.5 and ≥120.5 cm in girls, respectively (all P <.05). These cut points were associated with CVD risk 2 years later (all P <.01). [Conclusions]: Muscle fitness is associated with present and future cardiovascular health in youth, and is independent of cardiorespiratory fitness. It should be monitored to identify youth at risk who could benefit from intervention programs.
DescriptionUP&DOWN Study Group additional members: Coordinator: Ascension Marcos; Principal Investigators: Ascension Marcos, Jose Castro-Piñero, Oscar L. Veiga, and Fernando Bandres; Scientific Coordinators: David Martinez-Gomez (chair), Jonatan R. Ruiz (co-chair), Ana Carbonell-Baeza, Sonia Gomez-Martinez, and Catalina Santiago; Spanish National Research Council: Ascension Marcos, Sonia Gomez-Martinez, Esther Nova, Ligia-Esperanza Diaz, Belen Zapatera, Ana M. Veses, Aurora Hernandez, and Alina Gheorghe; University of Cadiz: José Castro-Piñero, Jesus Mora-Vicente, Jose L. Gonzalez-Montesinos, Julio Conde-Caveda, Jonatan R. Ruiz (University of Granada [UGR]), Francisco B. Ortega (UGR), Carmen Padilla Moledo, Ana Carbonell Baeza, Palma Chillon (UGR), Jorge del Rosario Fernandez, Ana Gonzalez Galo, Gonzalo Bellvis Guerra, Alvaro Delgado Alfonso, Fernando Parrilla, Roque Gomez, and Juan Gavala; Autonomous University of Madrid: Oscar L. Veiga, H. Ariel Villagra, Juan del-Campo, Carlos Cordente (UPM), Mario Diaz, Carlos M. Tejero, Aitor Acha, Jose M. Moya, Alberto Sanz, David Martinez-Gomez, Veronica Cabanas-Sanchez, Gabriel RodriguezRomo (UPM), Rocio Izquierdo, Laura Garcia-Cervantes, and Irene Esteban-Cornejo; Complutense University of Madrid: Fernando Bandres, Alejandro Lucia (European University of Madrid [UEM]), Catalina Santiago (UEM), and Felix Gomez-Gallego (UEM).
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpeds.2018.10.026
Identifiersdoi: 10.1016/j.jpeds.2018.10.026
e-issn: 1097-6833
issn: 0022-3476
Appears in Collections:(ICTAN) Artículos
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