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SEIS first year: nm/s^2 (and less) broadband seismology on Mars and first steps in Mars-Earth-Moon comparative seismology. (Invited)

AuthorsLognonné, P.; Banerdt, William B.; Pike, William T.; Giardini, D.; Banfield, D.; Christensen, U.; Beucler, E.; Bierwirth, Marco; Calcutt, Simon B.; Daubar, I.; Clinton, John F.; Kedar, S.; Gabsi, T.; Garcia, Raphael G.; Hurst, K.; Kawamura, T.; Knapmeyer-Endrun, B.; Margerin, Ludovic; Mimoun, D.; Nimmo, F.; Panning, Mark P.; De Raucourt, Sebastien; Schmerr, Nicholas C.; Smrekar, Suzanne; Spiga, A.; Teanby, Nicholas A.; Weber, R. C.; Wieczorek, M.; Zweifel, Peter; Yana, C.; Barkaoui, Salma; Brinkman, N.; Ceylan, S.; Conejero, V.; Compaire, Nicolas; Charalambous, C.; Davis, Paul; van Driel, M.; Drilleau, M.; Fayon, Lucile; Kenda, B.; Mance, Davor; McClean, John; Murdoch, N.; Nebut, Tanguy; Pardo, Constanza; Pinot, Baptiste; Pou, Laurent; Perrin, C.; Sainton, G.; Sollberger, David; Scholz, J. R.; Staehler, Simon C.Ten Pierick, Jen; Roberts, Oliver; Schmelzbach, C.; Stott, A.; Schimmel, Martin ; Stutzmann, E.; Tillier, Sylvain; Verdier, Nicolas; Warren, T.; Widmer-Schnidrig, Rudolf; Böse, M.; Euchner, F.; Horleston, Anna C.; Khan, A.; Orhand-Mainsant, Guenolé; Barrett, E.; Gaudin, E.; Kerjean, Laurent; Julien, Agnès; Nonon, M.; Llorca-Cejudo, R.; Laudet, Philippe; Maki, Justin; Mouret, Jean-Marie; Pont, Gabriel; Meunier, Frederic A.; Rochas, Ludovic; de Larclause, Isabel Savin; Sylvestre-Baron, Annick; Trebi-Ollenu, Ashitey; Valladeau, J.; Delage, P.; Jacob, A.; Calvet, Marie; Grotte, M.; Rodríguez-Manfredi, José Antonio ; Lekic, Vedran; Menina, Sabrina; Robertsson, John O.A.; Spohn, Tilman; Tauzin, Benoit; Tharimena, S.; EIS/InSIght team
Issue Date9-Dec-2019
AbstractInSight is the first planetary mission with a seismometer package, SEIS, since the Apollo Lunar Surface Experiments Package. SEIS is complimented by APSS, which has as a goal to document the atmospheric source of seismic noise and signals. Since June 2019, SEIS has been delivering 6 axis 20 sps continuous seismic data, a rate one order of magnitude larger originally planned. More than 50 events have been detected by the end of July 2019 but only three have amplitudes significantly above the SEIS instrument requirement. Two have clear and coherent arrivals of P and S waves, enabling location, diffusion/attenuation characterization and receiver function analysis. The event¿s magnitudes are likely ¿ 3 and no clear surface waves nor deep interior phases have been identified. This suggests deep events with scattering along their final propagation paths and with large propagation differences as compared to Earth and Moon quakes. Most of the event¿s detections are made possible due to the very low noise achieved by the instrument installation strategy and the very low VBB self-noise. Most of the SEIS signals have amplitudes of spectral densities in the 0.03-5Hz frequency bandwidth ranging from 10-10 m/s2/Hz1/2 to 5 10-9 m/s2/Hz1/2. The smallest noise levels occurs during the early night, with angstrom displacements or nano-radian tilts. This monitors the elastic and seismic interaction of a planetary surface with its atmosphere, illustrated not only by a wide range of SEIS signals correlated with pressure vortexes, dust devils or wind activity but also by modulation of resonances above 1 Hz, amplified by ultra-low velocity surface layers. After about one half of a Martian year, clear seasonal changes appear also in the noise, which will be discussed. One year after landing, the seismic noise is therefore better and better understood, and noise correction techniques begun to be implemented, either thanks to the APSS wind and pressure sensors, or by SEIS only data processing techniques. These data processing techniques open not only the possibility of better signal to noise ratio of the events, but are also used for various noise auto-correlation techniques as well as searches of long period signals. Noise and seismic signals on Mars are therefore completely different from what seismology encountered previously on Earth and Moon.
DescriptionAGU Fall Meeting 2019 in San Francisco , 9-13 December 2019
Publisher version (URL)https://agu.confex.com/agu/fm19/meetingapp.cgi/Paper/570466
Appears in Collections:(CAB) Comunicaciones congresos
(Geo3Bcn) Comunicaciones congresos
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