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L-selectin expression is regulated by CXCL8-induced reactive oxygen species produced during human neutrophil rolling

AuthorsDomínguez‐Luis, María Jesús; Armas‐González, Estefanía; Herrera‐García, Ada; Arce‐Franco, María; Feria, Manuel; Vicente-Manzanares, Miguel ; Martínez-Ruiz, Antonio ; Sánchez‐Madrid, Francisco; Díaz‐González, Federico
NADPH oxidase
Issue DateMar-2019
CitationEuropean Journal of Immunology 49(3): 386-397 (2019)
AbstractNeutrophils destroy invading microorganisms by phagocytosis by bringing them into contact with bactericidal substances, among which ROS are the most important. However, ROS also function as important physiological regulators of cellular signaling pathways. Here, we addressed the involvement of oxygen derivatives in the regulation of human neutrophil rolling, an essential component of the inflammatory response. Flow experiments using dihydroethidium‐preloaded human neutrophils showed that these cells initiate an early production of intracellular ROS during the rolling phase of the adhesion cascade, a phenomenon that required cell rolling, and the interaction of the chemokine receptor CXCR2 with their ligand CXCL8. Flow cytometry experiments demonstrated that L‐selectin shedding in neutrophils is triggered by ROS through an autocrine–paracrine mechanism. Preincubation of neutrophils with the NADPH oxidase complex inhibitor diphenyleniodonium chloride significantly increased the number of rolling neutrophils on endothelial cells. Interestingly, the same effect was observed when CXCL8 signaling was interfered using either a blocking monoclonal antibody or an inhibitor of its receptor. These findings indicate that, in response to CXCL8, neutrophils initiate ROS production during the rolling phase of the inflammatory response. This very early ROS production might participate in the modulation of the inflammatory response by inducing L‐selectin shedding in neutrophils.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/eji.201847710
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