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Investigating the Antarctic subglacial liquid water layer using the ellipticity of Rayleigh waves from polarization analysis of seismic noise

AuthorsBerbellini, Andrea; Schimmel, Martin ; Ferreira, A.M.; Morelli, A.
Issue Date7-Apr-2019
PublisherEuropean Geosciences Union
CitationGeophysical Research Abstracts, 21: EGU2019-7560 (2019)
AbstractWe investigate the seismic structure of the uppermost ice and crustal layers beneath the Concordia station in Antarctica using a new method based on the inversion of ellipticity of Rayleigh waves from ambient noise by degree-of-polarization analysis (DOP-E). The new technique, validated by various synthetic tests, shows a good capability of separating ambient noise containing polarized Rayleigh waves from noise containing Love waves and uncorrelated noise. It also gives information on the azimuthal direction of the sources, giving the possibility to better characterise the ambient noise sources. We apply this technique to 1 month of continuous noise record in the period band 2 – 10 s, and complement such analysis with measurement of Rayleigh-wave ellipticity on earthquake data (in the period band 10 – 60 s). Results show no evidence of a liquid water layer beneath the ice directly beneath the station confirming the results from previous studies. To further validate this result we perform a synthetic test demonstrating that this technique is able to resolve a thin (>100m) liquid water layer at the base of the ice (3.5km). The DOP-E technique could be a new tool to better illuminate the uppermost crustal layers. Since DOP-E is a completely single-station technique, it can be used when a dense seismic array is not available. It can also be used to monitor possible transients in the shear-waves velocity in a wide range of geological settings such as volcanoes, fault zones and glaciers.
DescriptionEGU General Assembly in Viena, Austria,7–12 April 2019
Publisher version (URL)https://www.geophysical-research-abstracts.net/egu2019.html
Identifiersissn: 1029-7006
Appears in Collections:(ICTJA) Comunicaciones congresos
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