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Allergy development is associated with consumption of breastmilk with a reduced microbial richness in the first month of life

AuthorsDzidic, Majda; Mira, Alex; Artacho, Alejandro; Abrahamsson, Thomas R.; Jenmalm, Maria C.; Collado, María Carmen
Mother‐infant transfer
Issue Date2019
PublisherJohn Wiley & Sons
CitationPediatric Allergy And Immunology 31(3): 250-257 (2020)
AbstractBackground: Early colonization with a diverse microbiota seems to play a crucial role for appropriate immune maturation during childhood. Breastmilk microbiota is one important source of microbes for the infant, transferred together with maternal IgA antibodies. We previously observed that allergy development during childhood was associated with aberrant IgA responses to the gut microbiota already at 1 month of age, when the IgA antibodies are predominantly maternally derived in breastfed infants.Objective: To determine the microbial composition and IgA‐coated bacteria in breastmilk in relation to allergy development in children participating in an intervention trial with pre‐ and post‐natal Lactobacillus reuteri supplementation. Methods: A combination of flow cytometric cell sorting and 16S rRNA gene sequencing was used to characterize the bacterial recognition patterns by IgA in breastmilk samples collected one month post‐partum from 40 mothers whose children did or did not develop allergic and asthmatic symptoms during the first 7 years of age. Results: The milk fed to children developing allergic manifestations had significantly lower bacterial richness, when compared to the milk given to children that remained healthy. Probiotic treatment influenced the breastmilk microbiota composition. However, the proportions of IgA‐coated bacteria, the total bacterial load and the patterns of IgA‐coating were similar in breastmilk between mothers of healthy children and those developing allergies. Conclusion: Consumption of breastmilk with a reduced microbial richness in the first month of life may play an important role in allergy development during childhood.
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.1111/pai.13176
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