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Title

Influence of Mixed Substrate and Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi on Photosynthetic Efficiency, Nutrient and Water Status and Yield in Tomato Plants Irrigated with Saline Reclaimed Waters

AuthorsGómez-Bellot, M. J. CSIC; Lorente, Beatriz; Sánchez-Blanco, María Jesús CSIC ORCID; Ortuño Gallud, Mª Fernanda CSIC ORCID; Nortes, Pedro Antonio CSIC ORCID; Alarcón Cabañero, Juan José CSIC ORCID
KeywordsBiofertilizers
Coconut fibre
Fuorescence
Gas exchange
Leaf water potential
Salinity
Issue Date2020
PublisherMultidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
CitationWater 12(2): 438 (2020)
AbstractThe use of reclaimed water (RW) is considered as a means of maintaining agricultural productivity under drought conditions. However, RW may contain high concentrations of salts. The use of some practices, such as biofertilizers and organic substrates, is also becoming increasingly important in agricultural. production. The aim of this study was to evaluate the application of a mixed substrate (with coconut fibre) and arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) on water relations, nutrient uptake and productivity in tomato plants irrigated with saline RW in a commercial greenhouse. Saline RW on its own caused a nutrient imbalance and negatively affected several physiological parameters. However, the high water-holding capacity of coconut fibre in the mixed substrate increased water and nutrient availability for the plants. As a consequence, leaf water potential, gas exchange, some fluorescence parameters (PhiPSII, Fv’/Fm’, qP and ETR) and fruit size and weight improved, even in control irrigation conditions. The use of AMF improved only some parameters because of the low percentage of colonization, suggesting that AMF effectiveness in commercial field conditions is slower and dependent of several factors.
Description© 2020 by the authors.
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.3390/w12020438
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/202430
DOI10.3390/w12020438
E-ISSN2073-4441
Appears in Collections:(CEBAS) Artículos

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