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Sensory and Physicochemical Analysis of Meat from Bovine Breeds in Different Livestock Production Systems, Pre-Slaughter Handling Conditions, and Ageing Time

AuthorsLópez-Pedrouso, M.; Rodríguez-Vázquez, R.; Purriños, Laura; Oliván, Mamen; García-Torres, Susana; Sentandreu, Miguel Angel CSIC ORCID; Lorenzo, José M.; Zapata, Carlos; Franco, Daniel
Principal component analysis
Discriminant analysis
Odor and texture
Issue Date2020
PublisherMultidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
CitationFoods 9(2): 176 (2020)
AbstractDifferent bovine breeds and production systems are used worldwide, giving rise to differences in intrinsic and extrinsic characteristics of beef. In order to meet the consumer requirements, new approaches are currently being developed to guarantee tenderness, taste, and juiciness of beef. However, the final consumer perception is complex, and it is also affected by several interrelated variables. This study aimed to evaluate the physicochemical parameters and sensory profile of three Spanish cattle breeds under different livestock production systems (extensive and intensive) and pre-slaughter handling conditions (mixing and not mixing with unfamiliar individuals at pre-mortem time). Meat samples from each group were also studied at different ageing times (7 and 14 days). Regarding sensory attributes, twelve panelists assessed meat samples and an exhaustive statistical analysis was carried out. The most evident and strongest effect was the breed type, allowing a great differentiation among them using principal components and discriminant analysis. The livestock production system was the second most important parameter, significantly affecting odor, flavor, and textural profile (fibrousness). It can be concluded that there were marked differences in the traits of these beef that could be modified by other factors in order to fulfill consumer tastes.
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.3390/foods9020176
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