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Nickel supported on AlCeO3 as a highly selective and stable catalyst for hydrogen production via the glycerol steam reforming reaction

AuthorsCharisiou, Nikolaos D.; Siakavelas, Georgios I.; Dou, Binlin; Sebastian, Victor; Hinder, Steven J.; Baker, Mark A.; Polychronopoulou, Kyriaki; Goula, Maria A.
KeywordsNickel catalysts
Glycerol steam reforming
Issue Date2019
PublisherMultidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
CitationCatalysts 9(5): 411 (2019)
AbstractIn this study, a critical comparison between two low metal (Ni) loading catalysts is presented, namely Ni/Al2O3 and Ni/AlCeO3 for the glycerol steam reforming (GSR) reaction. The surface and bulk properties of the catalysts were evaluated using a plethora of techniques, such as N2 adsorption/desorption, Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectroscopy (ICP–AES), X-ray Diffraction (XRD), X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS), Scanning Electron Microscopy / Energy Dispersive X-Ray Spectroscopy (SEM/EDX, Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM), CO2 and NH3– Temperature Programmed Desorption (TPD), and Temperature Programmed Reduction (H2–TPR). Carbon deposited on the catalyst’s surfaces was probed using Temperature Programmed Oxidation (TPO), SEM, and TEM. It is demonstrated that Ce-modification of Al2O3 induces an increase of the surface basicity and Ni dispersion. These features lead to a higher conversion of glycerol to gaseous products (60% to 80%), particularly H2 and CO2, enhancement of WGS reaction, and a higher resistance to coke deposition. Allyl alcohol was found to be the main liquid product for the Ni/AlCeO3 catalyst, the production of which ceases over 700 °C. It is also highly significant that the Ni/AlCeO3 catalyst demonstrated stable values for H2 yield (2.9–2.3) and selectivity (89–81%), in addition to CO2 (75–67%) and CO (23–29%) selectivity during a (20 h) long time-on-stream study. Following the reaction, SEM/EDX and TEM analysis showed heavy coke deposition over the Ni/Al2O3 catalyst, whereas for the Ni/AlCeO3 catalyst TPO studies showed the formation of more defective coke, the latter being more easily oxidized.
DescriptionThis article belongs to the Special Issue Ni-Containing Catalysts.
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.3390/catal9050411
Appears in Collections:(ICMA) Artículos
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