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Title

Insights on 2017 Marine Heat Waves in the Mediterranean Sea

AuthorsBensoussan, Nathaniel; Chiggiato, Jacopo; Buongiorno Nardelli, Bruno; Pisano, Andrea; Garrabou, Joaquim
Issue DateSep-2019
PublisherTaylor & Francis
CitationCopernicus Marine Service Ocean State Report : Issue 3: 101-108 (2019)
Journal of Operational Oceanography 12(suppl.1): 101-108 (2019)
AbstractStatement of main outcomes: Overall, 99.6% of Mediterranean Sea surface experienced at least one Marine Heat Wave event during year 2017. Strong Marine Heat Wave events occurred at regional scale, in June, July and August. Analysis of sea surface temperature from CMEMS revealed unprecedented Marine Heat Wave total duration in the north-western sub-region (up to 225 days locally in the north Catalan Sea) and exceptionally long single event (entire summer) in the Eastern Levantine Sea. In all sub-regions examined, a long-term increasing trend in annual Marine Heat Wave duration is obvious over the 1982–2017 period. As for previous significant Marine Heat Wave events (e.g. summer 2003), mass mortality events affected the benthic biota in the north-western Mediterranean Sea in 2017. Unprecedented large-scale and long-lasting benthic mucilaginous bloom also occurred in the north Catalan Sea. Analysis of in situ temperature time series in Scandola Marine Protected Area showed sub-surface intensification of Marine Heat Wave events (both in intensity and duration) which could not be inferred from surface data only. Enhancing the monitoring framework on physical and biological indicators is thus required for good evaluation of Marine Heat Waveand their impacts on Marine Coastal Biodiversity at local and regional scale
Description8 pages, figures, tables
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.1080/1755876X.2019.1633075
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/201838
Identifiersdoi: 10.1080/1755876X.2019.1633075
issn: 1755-8778
e-issn: 1755-8778
Appears in Collections:(ICM) Informes y documentos de trabajo
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