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Recombinant production of human α2-macroglobulin variants and interaction studies with recombinant G-related α2-macroglobulin binding protein and latent transforming growth factor-β2

AuthorsMarino-Puertas, Laura ; Amo-Maestro, Laura del; Taulés, Marta; Gomis-Rüth, F. Xavier CSIC ORCID ; Goulas, Theodoros CSIC ORCID
Biological techniques
Issue Date2019
PublisherSpringer Nature
CitationScientific Reports 9: 9186 (2019)
Abstractα2-Macroglobulins (α2Ms) regulate peptidases, hormones and cytokines. Mediated by peptidase cleavage, they transit between native, intact forms and activated, induced forms. α2Ms have been studied over decades using authentic material from primary sources, which was limited by sample heterogeneity and contaminants. Here, we developed high-yield expression systems based on transient transfection in Drosophila Schneider 2 and human Expi293F cells, which produced pure human α2M (hα2M) at ~1.0 and ~0.4 mg per liter of cell culture, respectively. In both cases, hα2M was mainly found in the induced form. Shorter hα2M variants encompassing N-/C-terminal parts were also expressed and yielded pure material at ~1.6/~1.3 and ~3.2/~4.6 mg per liter of insect or mammalian cell culture, respectively. We then analyzed the binding of recombinant and authentic hα2M to recombinant latent human transforming growth factor-β2 (pro-TGF-β2) and bacterial G-related α2M binding protein (GRAB) by surface plasmon resonance, multiple-angle laser light scattering, size-exclusion chromatography, fluorogenic labelling, gel electrophoresis and Western-blot analysis. Two GRAB molecules formed stable complexes of high affinity with native and induced authentic hα2M tetramers. The shorter recombinant hα2M variants interacted after preincubation only. In contrast, pro-TGF-β2 did not interact, probably owing to hindrance by the N-terminal latency-associated protein of the cytokine.
Description© The Author(s) 2019.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-45712-z
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