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Galectins in prostate and bladder cancer: tumorigenic roles and clinical opportunities

AuthorsMartinez-Bosch, Neus; Rodriguez-Vida, Alejo; Juanpere, Núria; Lloreta, Josep; Rovira, Ana; Albanell, Joan; Bellmunt, Joaquim; Navarro, Pilar
Issue Date23-Apr-2019
PublisherSpringer Nature
CitationNature Reviews Urology 16: 433-445 (2019)
AbstractAdvanced prostate and bladder cancer are two outstanding unmet medical needs for urological oncologists. The high prevalence of these tumours, lack of effective biomarkers and limited effective treatment options highlight the importance of basic research in these diseases. Galectins are a family of β-galactoside-binding proteins that are frequently altered (upregulated or downregulated) in a wide range of tumours and have roles in different stages of tumour development and progression, including immune evasion. In particular, altered expression levels of different members of the galectin family have been reported in prostate and bladder cancers, which, together with the aberrant glycosylation patterns found in tumour cells and the constituent cell types of the tumour microenvironment, can result in malignant transformation and tumour progression. Understanding the roles of galectin family proteins in the development and progression of prostate and bladder cancer could yield key insights to inform the clinical management of these diseases.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41585-019-0183-5
Identifiersdoi: 10.1038/s41585-019-0183-5
e-issn: 1759-4820
issn: 1759-4812
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