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A multidisciplinary geophysical study in the Betic chain (southern Iberia Peninsula)

AuthorsCarbonell, Ramón ; Sallarès, Valentí ; Pous, J.; Dañobeitia, Juan José ; Queralt, Pilar; Ledo, Juanjo; García-Dueñas, Víctor
KeywordsDeep seismic reflection
Betics orogen
Crustal structure
Issue Date1998
CitationTectonophysics 288(1-4): 137-152 (1998)
AbstractThe combined analysis of magnetotelluric measurements, tomographic velocity models and deep seismic reflection images confirms that the Betics orogen consists of the juxtaposition of two crustal domains characterized by distinctive physical properties. At depth these data sets show evidence for a non-coincidence of the petrological and the seismic Moho beneath the Betics chain. The data sets reveal the geophysical properties of the Alboran domain (Internal Betics) and the Iberian Massif (External Betics). According to this, the Iberian crust features a relatively high seismic velocity, is seismically transparent in the seismic reflection images and is electrically resistive. The Alboran domain crust is characterized by a low average velocity, displays high reflectivity in the seismic reflection images and is electrically conductive. The outcrops of the metamorphic complexes (Alpujárride and Nevado Filábride), showing relatively high velocities coupled with low Vp/Vs values (1.67) derived from the Wadati slopes, suggest the existence of rocks rich in silica beneath the Alboran domain crust. An interpreted detachment at 12 km depth imaged by deep seismic reflection suggests that these rocks could be related to the Iberian upper crust. Partial melts and fluids are proposed to explain the high conductivity observed at deep crustal levels. These would account also for the reflectivity and the low Vp/Vs ratios mapped beneath the Alboran domain. © 1998 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved
Description16 pages, 5 figures
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.1016/S0040-1951(97)00289-8
Identifiersdoi: 10.1016/S0040-1951(97)00289-8
issn: 0040-1951
issn: 1879-3266
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