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Postsynthetic covalent and coordination functionalization of rhodium(II)-based metal–organic polyhedra

AuthorsCarné-Sánchez, Arnau ; Albalad, Jorge ; Grancha, Thais; Imaz, Inhar ; Juanhuix, Judith; Larpent, Patrick; Furukawa, Shuhei; Maspoch, Daniel
Issue Date2019
PublisherAmerican Chemical Society
CitationJournal of the American Chemical Society 141(9): 4094-4102 (2019)
AbstractMetal–organic polyhedra (MOP) are ultrasmall (typically 1–4 nm) porous coordination cages made from the self-assembly of metal ions and organic linkers and are amenable to the chemical functionalization of its periphery; however, it has been challenging to implement postsynthetic functionalization due to their chemical instability. Herein, we report the use of coordination chemistries and covalent chemistries to postsynthetically functionalize the external surface of ≈2.5 nm stable Rh(II)-based cuboctahedra through their Rh–Rh paddlewheel units or organic linkers, respectively. We demonstrate that 12 N-donor ligands, including amino acids, can be coordinated on the periphery of Rh-MOPs. We used this reactivity to introduce new functionalities (e.g., chirality) to the MOPs and to tune their hydrophilic/hydrophobic characteristics, which allowed us to modulate their solubility in diverse solvents such as dichloromethane and water. We also demonstrate that all 24 organic linkers can be postsynthetically functionalized with esters via covalent chemistry. In addition, we anticipate that these two types of postsynthetic reactions can be combined to yield doubly functionalized Rh-MOPs, in which a total of 36 new functional molecules can be incorporated on their surfaces. Likewise, these chemistries could be synergistically combined to enable covalent functionalization of MOPs through new linkages such as ethers. We believe that both reported postsynthetic pathways can potentially be used to engineer Rh-MOPs as scaffolds for applications in delivery, sorption, and catalysis.
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.1021/jacs.8b13593
Appears in Collections:(CIN2) Artículos
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