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Intrapopulation variability in mutator prevalence among urinary tract infection isolates of Escherichia coli

AuthorsCouce, Alejandro; Alonso-Rodríguez, N.; Costas, Coloma; Oliver, Antonio; Blázquez Gómez, Jesús
KeywordsAntibiotic resistance
Issue DateJun-2016
CitationClinical Microbiology and Infection 22(6): 566.e1-566.e7 (2016)
AbstractBacteria with elevated mutation rates represent a risk factor for treatment failure and are often found with high frequency in clinical isolates from different sources. How this frequency reflects the among-population and within-population proportion of hypermutators is unknown, despite its importance to the choice of antibiotic therapies that minimize the likelihood of resistance development. Here we screened for hypermutators among the urine of 80 patients with urinary tract infections, at an unprecedented resolution of 24 isolates per sample. We found hypermutators in four patients (5%), at frequencies ranging from 4.2% to 62.5%. Molecular characterization revealed alterations in the oxidized guanine (GO) and methly-directed mistmatch repair (MMR) systems as the genetic basis of hypermutability. These observations suggest that mutators may be present in more patients than previously anticipated, at frequencies that are difficult to detect but still sufficient to impact on adaptation to antibiotics or the host environment.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cmi.2016.03.008
Identifiersdoi: 10.1016/j.cmi.2016.03.008
e-issn: 1469-0691
issn: 1198-743X
Appears in Collections:(CNB) Artículos
(IBIS) Artículos
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