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Use of recycled copper slag for blended cements

AutorSánchez de Rojas, María Isabel; Rivera Lozano, Julián; Frías, Moisés; Marín, Félix P.
Palabras claveBy-products
Copper slag
Pozzolanic activity
Fecha de publicación28-ene-2008
EditorSociety of Chemical Industry
CitaciónJournal of Chemical Technology & Biotechnology 83(3): 209 - 217(2008)
ResumenCopper slag is a by-product generated during smelting to extract copper metal from the ore. The copper slag obtained may exhibit pozzolanic activity and may therefore be used in the manufacture of addition-containing cements. In this paper the effect of the incorporation of the copper slag in cement is measured. Blends of copper slag with Portland cement generally possess properties equivalent to Portland cement containing fly ash, but very different to the silica fume incorporation. Copper slag and fly ash reduce the heat of hydration more effectively than silica fume in mortars. The replacement of 30% cement by copper slag reduces the flexural and compressive strength in a similar way to fly ash; however, after 28 days, the reduction is less than the percentage of substitution. Hydrated calcium aluminate phases were analysed using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) techniques. The pozzolanic activity of copper slag is similar to that of fly ash and higher than silica fume. In the presence of low water/cement ratios, certain pozzolanic materials produce a very compact cement paste that limits the space available for hydration products, a determining factor in the formation of hydrated calcium aluminates. SEM was found to be a useful analytical technique when aluminates are formed and can be clearly detected by XRD. Copyright © 2008 Society of Chemical Industry
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jctb.1830
1097-4660 (Online)
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