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Indirect determination of the Kugo-Ojima function from lattice data

AuthorsAguilar, Arlene Cristina ; Binosi, D.; Papavassiliou, Joannis
Nonperturbative effects
Issue Date1-Nov-2009
PublisherInstitute of Physics Publishing
CitationJournal of high energy physics 11: 066 (2009)
AbstractWe study the structure and non-perturbative properties of a special Green's function, u(q(2)), whose infrared behavior has traditionally served as the standard criterion for the realization of the Kugo-Ojima confinement mechanism. It turns out that, in the Landau gauge, u(q(2)) can be determined from a dynamical equation, whose main ingredients are the gluon propagator and the ghost dressing function, integrated over all physical momenta. Using as input for these two (infrared finite) quantities recent lattice data, we obtain an indirect determination of u(q(2)). The results of this mixed procedure are in excellent agreement with those found previously on the lattice, through a direct simulation of this function. Most importantly, in the deep infrared the function deviates considerably from the value associated with the realization of the aforementioned confinement scenario. In addition, the dependence of u(q(2)), and especially of its value at the origin, on the renormalization point is clearly established. Some of the possible implications of these results are briefly discussed.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/1126-6708/2009/11/066
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