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Nature versus nurture? Consequences of short captivity in early stages

AuthorsHórreo, José Luis; Valiente, America G.; Ardura, Alba; Blanco, Aída; Garcia‐Gonzalez, Claudia; Garcia‐Vazquez, Eva
Issue DateJan-2018
PublisherJohn Wiley & Sons
CitationEcology and Evolution 8(1): 521-529 (2018)
AbstractBiological changes occurring as a consequence of domestication and/or captivity are not still deeply known. In Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar), endangered (Southern Europe) populations are enhanced by supportive breeding, which involves only 6 months of captive rearing following artificial spawning of wild‐collected adults. In this work, we assess whether several fitness‐correlated life‐history traits (migratory behavior, straying rate, age at maturity, and growth) are affected by early exposure to the captive environment within a generation, before reproduction thus before genetic selection. Results showed significant differences in growth and migratory behavior (including straying), associated with this very short period of captivity in natural fish populations, changing even genetic variability (decreased in hatchery‐reared adults) and the native population structure within and between rivers of the species. These changes appeared within a single generation, suggesting very short time of captivity is enough for initiating changes normally attributed to domestication. These results may have potential implications for the long‐term population stability/viability of species subjected to restoration and enhancement processes and could be also considered for the management of zoo populations.
Description© 2017 The Authors.
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