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Ca-based catalysts for the production of high-quality bio-oils from the catalytic Co-pyrolysis of grape seeds and waste tyres

AuthorsSanahuja-Parejo, Olga; Veses Roda, Alberto ; López Sebastián, José Manuel ; Murillo Villuendas, Ramón ; Callén Romero, Mª Soledad ; García Martínez, Tomás
Waste tyres
Ca-based catalyst
Auger reactor
Issue Date26-Nov-2019
PublisherMolecular Diversity Preservation International
CitationCatalysts 9(12): 992 (2019)
AbstractThe catalytic co-pyrolysis of grape seeds and waste tyres for the production of high-quality bio-oils was studied in a pilot-scale Auger reactor using different low-cost Ca-based catalysts. All the products of the process (solid, liquid, and gas) were comprehensively analysed. The results demonstrate that this upgrading strategy is suitable for the production of better-quality bio-oils with major potential for use as drop-in fuels. Although very good results were obtained regardless of the nature of the Ca-based catalyst, the best results were achieved using a high-purity CaO obtained from the calcination of natural limestone at 900 °C. Specifically, by adding 20 wt% waste tyres and using a feedstock to CaO mass ratio of 2:1, a practically deoxygenated bio-oil (0.5 wt% of oxygen content) was obtained with a significant heating value of 41.7 MJ/kg, confirming its potential for use in energy applications. The total basicity of the catalyst and the presence of a pure CaO crystalline phase with marginal impurities seem to be key parameters facilitating the prevalence of aromatisation and hydrodeoxygenation routes over the de-acidification and deoxygenation of the vapours through ketonisation and esterification reactions, leading to a highly aromatic biofuel. In addition, owing to the CO2-capture effect inherent to these catalysts, a more environmentally friendly gas product was produced, comprising H2 and CH4 as the main components.
Description4 Figuras,7 Tablas.-- Material suplementario disponible en línea en http://www.mdpi.com/2073-4344/9/12/992/s1
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/catal9120992
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