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Cadmium induces reactive oxygen species-dependent pexophagy in Arabidopsis leaves

AuthorsCalero-Muñoz, Nieves; Expósito Rodríguez, Marino CSIC; Collado-Arenal, A. M.; Rodríguez-Serrano, María; Laureano-Marín, Ana M. CSIC ORCID; Santamaría, María Estrella; Gotor, Cecilia CSIC ORCID ; Díaz, Isabel; Mullineaux, P.M.; Romero-Puertas, María C.; Olmedilla, Adela; Sandalio, Luisa M. CSIC ORCID
Legumain, NBR1
Pexophagy, ROS
Issue Date2019
PublisherJohn Wiley & Sons
CitationPlant, Cell and Environment 42: 2696- 2714 (2019)
AbstractCadmium treatment induces transient peroxisome proliferation in Arabidopsis leaves. To determine whether this process is regulated by pexophagy and to identify the mechanisms involved, we analysed time course-dependent changes in ATG8, an autophagy marker, and the accumulation of peroxisomal marker PEX14a. After 3 hr of Cd exposure, the transcript levels of ATG8h, ATG8c, a, and i were slightly up-regulated and then returned to normal. ATG8 protein levels also increased after 3 hr of Cd treatment, although an opposite pattern was observed in PEX14. Arabidopsis lines expressing GFP-ATG8a and CFP-SKL enabled us to demonstrate the presence of pexophagic processes in leaves. The Cd-dependent induction of pexophagy was demonstrated by the accumulation of peroxisomes in autophagy gene (ATG)-related Arabidopsis knockout mutants atg5 and atg7. We show that ATG8a colocalizes with catalase and NBR1 in the electron-dense peroxisomal core, thus suggesting that NBR1 may be an autophagic receptor for peroxisomes, with catalase being possibly involved in targeting pexophagy. Protein carbonylation and peroxisomal redox state suggest that protein oxidation may trigger pexophagy. Cathepsine B, legumain, and caspase 6 may also be involved in the regulation of pexophagy. Our results suggest that pexophagy could be an important step in rapid cell responses to cadmium.
Publisher version (URL)https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/pce.13597
Identifiersdoi: 10.1111/pce.13597
issn: 1365-3040
Appears in Collections:(EEZ) Artículos
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