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Sexual polyembryony in almond

AutorMartínez-Gómez, Pedro ; Gradziel, Thomas M.
Palabras clavePrunus dulcis
Multiple embryos
Molecular markers
Fecha de publicaciónsep-2003
CitaciónSexual Plant Reproduction 16(3): 135-139 (2003)
ResumenMultiple embryos within the same seedcoat occur spontaneously in certain almond [P. dulcis (Mill.) D.A. Webb] cultivars including ''Nonpareil'' and ''Mission''. Seedlings from the same polyembryonic seed are frequently viable, though one of the seedlings often shows weak growth and develops poorly. These dwarf seedlings have previously been reported as haploid. In this work, we have characterized several seedlings from ''Nonpareil'' polyembryonic seed, including their germination and later growth. Isozyme and simple sequence repeat markers were used to analyze seedling genetic structure. In addition, individual mitotic karyotypes were determined following root-tip staining. The percentage of twin embryos showing aberrant growth was approximately 30%, with mortality rates of about 90%. The majority of these aberrant seedlings appear to be aneuploids. Most secondary embryos appear to be derived from the primary embryo following normal fertilization.
Descripción5 pages, 3 figures, 1 table.
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00497-003-0180-x
ISSN0934-0882 (Print)
1432-2145 (Online)
Aparece en las colecciones: (CEBAS) Artículos
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