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Mesoscale physical variability affects zooplankton production in the Labrador Sea

AutorYebra, Lidia ; Harris, Roger P.; Head, E.J.H.; Yashayaev, I.; Harris, L.R.; Hirst, A.G.
Palabras claveAARS
Bio-physical interaction
Calanus finmarchicus
Enzyme activity
Labrador Sea
Fecha de publicación2009
CitaciónDeep Sea Research - Part I - Oceanographic Research Papers 56(3): 703-715 (2009)
ResumenSurface distribution (0–100 m) of zooplankton biomass and specific aminoacyltRNA synthetases (AARS) activity, as a proxy of structural growth, were assessed during winter 2002 and spring 2004 in the Labrador Sea. Two fronts formed by strong boundary currents, several anticyclonic eddies and a cyclonic eddy were studied. The spatial contrasts observed in seawater temperature, salinity and fluorescence, associated with those mesoscale structures, affected the distributions of both zooplankton biomass and specific AARS activity, particularly those of the smaller individuals. Production rates of large organisms (200–1000 mm) were significantly related to microzooplankton biomass (63–200 mm), suggesting a cascade effect from hydrography through microzooplankton to large zooplankton.Water masses defined the biomass distribution of the three dominant species: Calanus glacialis was restricted to cold waters on the shelves while Calanus hyperboreus and Calanus finmarchicus were widespread from Canada to Greenland. Zooplankton production was up to ten-fold higher inside anticyclonic eddies than in the surrounding waters. The recent warming tendency observed in the Labrador Sea will likely generate weaker convection and less energetic mesoscale eddies. This may lead to a decrease in zooplankton growth and production in the Labrador basin
Descripción13 pages, 6 figures, 5 tables
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dsr.2008.11.008
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