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Agriculture between the third and first millennium BC in the Balearic Islands: the archaeobotanical data.
|Authors:||Pérez-Jordá, Guillem; Peña-Chocarro, Leonor ; Picornell Gelabert, Llorenç; Carrión Marco, Yolanda|
|Citation:||Vegetation History and Archaeobotany 27 (1): 253- 265 (2018)|
|Abstract:||This paper presents new data regarding agricultural developments in the Balearic Islands between the end of the third millennium bc and the arrival of the Romans in the 2nd century bc. Data available so far reveals that agriculture, together with raising livestock, were the population’s source of livelihood. Agriculture in the third and second millennium consisted essentially of growing cereals and legumes. The available data point to an agricultural development similar to that of the continent, in the region stretching between the south of France and the south of the Iberian Peninsula. The similarities, in fact, possibly reflect contacts. Arboriculture was first introduced in the island of Ibiza in the first millennium in contexts linked to Phoenician colonisation. Olive oil and wine production developed remarkably on this island and were oriented toward export. Although the chronology of this process is still unclear, it seems that in Mallorca and Menorca it took place at a later period.|
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