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Title

Los inicios del Neolítico en las tierras meridionales valencianas: a propósito de la Cova dels Calderons (La Romana, Alicante).

AuthorsJover Maestre, Francisco Javier; Torregrosa Giménez, Palmira; García Atiénzar, Gabriel; Pastor Quiles, María; Luján Navas, Alicia; Molina Hernández, Francisco Javier; Pérez Díaz, Sebastián ; Ruiz Alonso, Mónica ; López Sáez, José Antonio ; Ferrer García, Carles; Tormo Cuñat, Carmen
KeywordsNeolítico
Cardial
Postcardial
Colonización
Segmentación social
Ríos Serpis
Clariano y Vinalopó
Neolitikoa
Kardiala
Kardial-ostekoa
Kolonizazioa
Segmentazio soziala
Serpis ibaia
Clariano eta Vinalopó
Neolithic
Colonization
Social segmentation
Serpis
Clariano and Vinalopó rivers
Issue Date2018
PublisherSociedad de Ciencias Aranzadi
CitationMunibe Antropologia-Arkeologia 69: 93-121 (2018)
Abstract[EN] The study of the Neolithic in the Levant of the Iberian Peninsula has a long research trajectory, being well known in some river valleys such as Serpis or Clariano. The excavation of a large number of cave and open-air deposits has made this area an outstanding reference on a peninsular scale and in the western Mediterranean. However, other nearby river basins such as the Vinalopó basin have not yet had sufficient sequential bases for their characterization. The first proposals, established from the material remains found in various open-air sites and in caves, had led to consider that the process of neolithization would begin at the end of the sixth millennium cal BC, almost half a century after the presence of agricultural communities along the Serpis river. The process of Neolithic implantation in the Vinalopó had to be explained, therefore, as a result of the population expansion from the Serpis. However, new excavations and studies come to expand the range of possible explanations. Regarding the archaeological evidence documented during the excavations at Cova dels Calderons (La Romana, Alicante), we present new data, especially sedimentological, paleobotanical, archeozoological and new absolute dates. These allow us to reflect on the neolithization process of the territories in the Southern Valencian region, specifically in the Vinalopó river basin. These data make possible to formulate a new hypothesis which considers that the presence of Neolithic groups in that territory would occur much earlier than it was considered to date. This hypothesis leads us to two new possible scenarios: either the arrival of the first Neolithic groups to the northern areas of Alicante occurred in earlier times, or the origin of the first Neolithic populations in the southern areas of Alicante is not what it has been thought to date –northern basins such as the Serpis river one–. Considering this, the southern route to access these areas seems the most possible option.
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/195518
Identifiersdoi: https://doi.org/10.21630/maa.2018.69.08
issn: 2172-4555
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