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Title

Experimental study of the structural and magnetic properties of -Fe2O3 nanoparticles

AuthorsYusuf, S. M.; Teresa, José María de ; Ibarra, M. Ricardo
KeywordsFerrites
Nanoparticles
Magnetic particles
Annealing
Transmission electron microscopy
X-ray diffraction
Neutron diffraction
Electron energy loss spectra
Magnetisation
Magnetic moments
Space groups
Crystal symmetry
Particle size
Superparamagnetism
Issue DateNov-2006
PublisherAmerican Physical Society
CitationPhysical Review B 74(22): 224428 (2006)
AbstractStructural and magnetic properties of -Fe2O3 nanoparticles annealed at 200 and 250 °C have been studied by using high resolution transmission electron microscopy (TEM), electron energy loss spectroscopy, x-ray diffraction, neutron diffraction, polarized small angle neutron scattering (SANS) and dc magnetization techniques. Here we have dealt with an important problem of the symmetry of crystal structure of -Fe2O3 nanoparticles with cation vacancy distribution. Present study also correlates various structural and magnetic results that have been obtained for -Fe2O3 nanoparticles using various experimental techniques. Analysis of x-ray and neutron diffraction data shows cation vacancies at the octahedral site, consistent with the space group P43 3 2. A log-normal distribution of particle size for both the samples has been found. A good crystallinity has been found from TEM, x-ray diffraction and neutron diffraction studies. Neutron diffraction study at room temperature confirms a ferrimagnetic ordering of tetrahedral and octahedral site moments with a net moment of ~1.58 and 1.83 µB per formula unit for the samples annealed at 200 and 250 °C, respectively. SANS data analysis is consistent with a mass fractal spatial arrangement of these nanoparticles with a fractal dimension of 1.25. The SANS results are consistent with the same form factor for both the chemical particle size and the magnetic particle size indicating the absence of any observable shell with disordered spins. Superparamagnetic behavior of noninteracting nanoparticles with a log-normal distribution of blocking temperature (with a particle moment of ~28 000 µB for the sample annealed at 200 °C) is found in our dc magnetization study at room temperature.
Description11 pages, 4 tables, 13 figures.-- et al.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.74.224428
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/19511
DOI10.1103/PhysRevB.74.224428
ISSN1098-0121
Appears in Collections:(ICMA) Artículos
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