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Galacto-oligosaccharides derived from lactulose protects against colorectal cancer development in a animal model
|Authors:||Fernández, Javier; Moreno, F. Javier ; Olano, Agustín ; Clemente, Alfonso; Villar, Claudio J.; Lombó, Felipe|
|Series:||9th Workshop SEPyP (2018)|
|Abstract:||[Introduction] Colorectal cancer has become one of the leading causes of cancer-related mortality worldwide; consequently, much attention has been focused on preventive and therapeutic strategies. In this sense, prebiotics have been reported as potential anti-inflammatory and anti-carcinogenic agents within the gastrointestinal tract. In this work, we have investigated the protective effect of novel galacto-oligosacharides derived from lactulose (GOS-Lu). These prebiotics have shown strong bifidogenic properties in vivo (Clemente et al., 2011; Hernández-Hernández et al., 2012).|
[Objectives] GOS-Lu has been tested here as potential antitumor preventive prebiotic, in a rat model developed with azoxymethane (AOM) as chemical inducer of colorectal cancer.
[Methods] Male Fisher 344 rats were randomly assigned to two groups (n=10 per group, including 2 rats lacking colorectal cancer AOM induction): one cohort (negative control) with drinking water, and experimental cohort with 10% GOS-Lu (w/v) added to drinking water. Eight animals in each cohort received two doses of AOM (10 mg/kg) plus two treatments with DSS (3% and 2%). After 17 weeks, animals were sacrificed and colon tissues analyzed for number of tumors and tumor mucosa affected area.
[Results] Anatomical studies showed that caecum weight was enlarged a 35.2% on average (p<0.05) in experimental animals fed GOS-Lu. The number of colon tumors was decreased 57.5% on average (p<0.05) in prebiotic-fed animals. In addition, the tumor affected area in colon mucosa was reduced a 50.5% on average (p<0.05) in animals drinking GOS-Lu in water.
[Conclusions] These findings suggest that inclusion of the prebiotic preparation GOS-Lu might contribute to the prevention of this important neoplasia.
|Description:||Resumen del trabajo presentado al IX Workshop on Probiotics, Prebiotics of the Spanish Society of Probiotics and Prebiotics (Sociedad Española de Probióticos y Prebióticos, SEPyP), celebrado en Zaragoza (España) del 15 al 16 de febrero de 2018.|
|Appears in Collections:||(EEZ) Comunicaciones congresos|
(CIAL) Comunicaciones congresos