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Nitrogen mineralization and its controlling factors in various kinds of temperate humid-zone soils

AuthorsGonzález Prieto, Serafín Jesús ; Villar, M. C.; Carballas, Modesto; Carballas, T.
KeywordsMineralization capacity
Principal components analysis
Soil incubation
Temperate humid zone
Issue DateJul-1992
CitationPlant and Soil 144(1): 31-44 (1992)
AbstractThe N mineralization capacity of 41 temperate humid-zone soils of NW Spain was measured by aerobic incubation for 15 days at 28°C and 75% of field capacity. The main soil factors affecting organic N dynamics were identified by principal components analysis. Ammonification predominated over nitrification in almost all soils. The mean net N mineralization rate was 1.63% of the organic N content, and varied according to soil parent materials as follows: soils on basic and ultrabasic rocks < soils over acid metamorphic rocks < soils developed over sediments < soils over acid igneous rocks < soils on limestone. The N mineralization capacity was lower in natural soils than in cropped soils or pastures. The accumulation of organic matter (C and N) seems to be due to poor mineralization which was caused, in decreasing order of importance, by high exchangeable H-ion levels, high Al and Fe gel contents and, to a lesser extent (though more markedly in cropped soils), by silty clay texture and exchangeable Al ions.
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00018842
Appears in Collections:(IIAG) Artículos
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