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Title

The effect of vitreous phase on mullite and mullite-based ceramic composites from kaolin wastes as by-products of mining, sericite clays and kaolinite

AuthorsSánchez-Soto, Pedro José CSIC ORCID; Eliche-Quesada, D.; Martínez-Martínez, S.; Garzón-Garzón, E.; Pérez-Villarejo, L.; Rincón López, Jesús María
KeywordsMullite
Ceramics
Transitory liquid
Reaction sintering
Vitreous phase
Issue Date15-Jul-2015
PublisherElsevier
CitationMaterials Letters 223: 154-158 (2018)
AbstractMullite precursors were prepared using kaolin waste, sericite clay containing kaolinite and industrial kaolin with addition of alumina in a wet medium to synthesize mullite (72 wt% Al2O3 and 28 wt% SiO2). Uniaxial pressed bars of the powdered mullite precursors were fired in the range 1400–1600 °C with soaking times 30–120 min. The resultant materials were studied by XRD and SEM-EDX. Bulk densities, apparent porosities and flexural strengths in four points were determined in the fired bars at 1500, 1550 and 1600 °C. It was concluded that the thermal behaviour of these mullite precursors was influenced by the presence of impurities in the raw materials. These impurities originate a liquid phase forming a glassy phase which produces a progressive and enhanced densification of the mullite materials by reaction sintering at 1500–1600 °C. The technical properties were also influenced by the relative proportion of vitreous phase. The microstructure of characteristic mullite crystals was revealed by SEM. It was emphasized the use of kaolin waste by-products of mining and sericite clays as valuable raw materials for mullite preparation.
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matlet.2018.04.037
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/194194
DOIhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.matlet.2018.04.037
ISSN0167-577X
Appears in Collections:(MNCN) Artículos
(ICMS) Artículos
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