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Pho85 and PI(4,5)P2 regulate different lipid metabolic pathways in response to cold

AuthorsPrieto, José Antonio; Estruch, Francisco; Córcoles Sáez,Isaac; Del Poeta, Maurizio; Rieger, Robert; Stenze, Irene; Rández Gil, Francisca
KeywordsSaccharomyces cerevisiae
Low temperature
Sphingoid bases
TORC2-Pkh1-Ypk1 signaling module
Issue Date31-Oct-2019
CitationBiochimica et Biophysica Acta - Molecular and Cell Biology of Lipids 1865 (2): 158557 (2019)
AbstractLipid homeostasis allows cells to adjust membrane biophysical properties in response to changes in environmental conditions. In the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, a downward shift in temperature from an optimal reduces membrane fluidity, which triggers a lipid remodeling of the plasma membrane. How changes in membrane fluidity are perceived, and how the abundance and composition of different lipid classes is properly balanced, remain largely unknown. Here, we show that the levels of phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate [PI(4,5)P2], the most abundant plasma membrane phosphoinositide, drop rapidly in response to a downward shift in temperature. This change triggers a signaling cascade transmitted to cytosolic diphosphoinositol phosphate derivatives, among them 5-PP-IP4 and 1-IP7, that exert regulatory functions on genes involved in the inositol and phospholipids (PLs) metabolism, and inhibit the activity of the protein kinase Pho85. Consistent with this, cold exposure triggers a specific program of neutral lipids and PLs changes. Furthermore, we identified Pho85 as playing a key role in controlling the synthesis of long-chain bases (LCBs) via the Ypk1-Orm2 regulatory circuit. We conclude that Pho85 orchestrates a coordinated response of lipid metabolic pathways that ensure yeast thermal adaptation.
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bbalip.2019.158557
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