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Title

Photo-induced processes on Nb2O5 synthesized by different procedures

AuthorsJaramillo-Páez, César; Sánchez-Fernández, F. J.; Navío, José Antonio CSIC ORCID; Hidalgo, M.C. CSIC ORCID
KeywordsNiobium(V) oxide
Ag-Nb2O5
Photocatalysis
Photoinduced processes
Rhodamine B
Issue Date15-May-2015
PublisherElsevier
CitationJournal of Photochemistry and Photobiology - A - Chemistry 359: 40-52 (2018)
AbstractThe properties of Nb2O5 strongly depend on its synthesis procedure as well as the conditions of ulterior thermal treatment. We report the synthesis of Nb2O5 powders prepared by sol-gel precipitation method using niobium(V) ethoxide as precursor. Two chemical routes were chosen: the presence of tryethyl amine (TEA) as precipitant/template agent, or the oxidant peroxide method. In addition, microwave-assisted activation was also used. The as-prepared samples by the above procedures were amorphous. Structural changes upon heating from room temperature up to 800 °C were investigated by X-ray powder diffraction technique combined with thermogravimetric analysis. The sequential thermal treatment up to 800 °C promotes the crystallization of hexagonal phase to orthorhombic phase whereas the ulterior cooling to room temperature lead to a mixture of both phases. Samples calcined at selected temperatures of either 600 °C or 800 °C for 2 h, were characterized by XRD, SEM, N2-adsorption and diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (DRS). The synthetic approach routes as well as the combined microwave activation followed by ulterior thermal treatment lead to changes not only on particle size but also on the textural properties of the synthesized catalysts. The catalysts synthesized have been evaluated using Rhodamine B (RhB) as a substrate, under both UV and visible lighting conditions. None of the catalysts synthesized showed activity in the visible. Under UV-illumination conditions, some of the catalysts exhibited a relatively low photoactivity in the degradation of RhB, which is associated with a photo-sensitizing effect. However, the addition of Ag+ ions considerably increased the activity of all the catalysts in the degradation of RhB under UV-illumination conditions. A mechanism is proposed to explain the photo-induced processes obtained, leaving the door open to the possible implications of the observed results in relation to the interaction of RhB dye with noble metal nanoparticles such as silver.
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jphotochem.2018.03.040
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/194078
DOI10.1016/j.jphotochem.2018.03.040
ISSN1010-6030
Appears in Collections:(ICMS) Artículos

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