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Título

One-electron versus two-electron mechanisms in the oxidative addition reactions of chloroalkanes to amido-bridged rhodium complexes

AutorTejel, Cristina ; Ciriano, Miguel A. ; López, José A. ; Jiménez, Sonia; Bordonaba, María; Oro, Luis A.
Palabras claveAmido-bridged complexes
Chirality
Chlorohydrocarbons
Oxidative addition
Rhodium
Fecha de publicación2007
EditorWiley-Blackwell
CitaciónChemistry A European Journal 13(7): 2044-2053 (2007)
ResumenThe compound syn-[{Rh(mu-NH{p-tolyl})(CNtBu)(2)}(2)] (1) oxidatively adds C--Cl bonds of alkyl chlorides (RCl) and dichloromethane to each metal centre to give the cationic complexes syn-[{Rh(mu-NH{p-tolyl})(eta(1)-R)(CNtBu)(2)}(2)(mu-Cl)]Cl and anti-[{Rh(mu-NH{p-tolyl})Cl(CNtBu)(2)}(2)(mu-CH(2))]. Reaction of 1 with the chiral alkyl chloride (-)-(S)-ClCH(Me)CO(2)Me (R*Cl) gave [{Rh(mu-NH{p-tolyl})(eta(1)-R*)(CNtBu)(2)}(2)(mu-Cl)]Cl ([3]Cl) as an equimolecular mixture of the meso form (R,S)-[3]Cl-C(s) and one enantiomer of the chiral form [3]Cl-C(2). This reaction, which takes place in two steps, was modeled step-by-step by reacting the mixed-ligand complex syn-[(cod)Rh(mu-NH{p-tolyl})(2)Rh(CNtBu)(2)] (4) with R*Cl, as a replica of the first step, to give [(cod)Rh(mu-NH{p-tolyl})(2)RhCl(eta(1)-R*)(CNtBu)(2)] (5) with racemization of the chiral carbon. Further treatment of 5 with CNtBu to give the intermediate [(CNtBu)(2)Rh(mu-NH{p-tolyl})(2)RhCl(eta(1)-R*)(CNtBu)(2)], followed by reaction with R*Cl reproduced the regioselectivity of the second step to give (R,S)-[3]Cl-C(s) and [3]Cl-C(2) in a 1:1 molar ratio. Support for an S(N)2 type of reaction with inversion of the configuration in the second step was obtained from a similar sequence of reactions of 4 with ClCH(2)CO(2)Me first, then with CNtBu, and finally with R*Cl to give [(CNtBu)(2)(eta(1)-CH(2)R)Rh(mu-NH{p-tolyl})(2)(mu-Cl)Rh(eta(1)-R*)(CNtBu)(2)]Cl (R = CO(2)Me, [7]Cl) as a single enantiomer with the R configuration at the chiral carbon. The reactions of 1 with (+)-(S)-XCH(2)CH(CH(3))CH(2)CH(3) (X = Br, I) gave the related complexes [{Rh(mu-NH{p-tolyl})(eta(1)-CH(2)CH(CH(3))CH(2)CH(3))(CNtBu)(2)}(2)(mu-X)]X, probably by following an S(N)2 profile in both steps.
Descripción10 pages, 5 tables, 5 figures, 4 schemes.-- Published online: 29 Nov 2006.
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1002/chem.200600971
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/19326
DOI10.1002/chem.200600971
ISSN0947-6539
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