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Title

ZnO and Pt-ZnO photocatalysts: characterization and photocatalytic activity assessing by means of three substrates

AuthorsJaramillo-Páez, César; Navío, José Antonio CSIC ORCID; Hidalgo, M.C. CSIC ORCID ; Macías, Manuel CSIC ORCID
KeywordsPt-ZnO
Zinc oxide
Photocatalysis
Photocatalytic degradation
Phenol
Dyes
Issue Date1-Sep-2018
PublisherElsevier
CitationCatalysis Today 313: 12-19 (2018)
AbstractZnO nanoparticles have been previously synthesized by a facile precipitation procedure by mixing aqueous solutions of Zn(II) acetate and dissolved Na2CO3 at pH ca. 7.0 without the addition of a template. The as-prepared ZnO material was anealed at 400 °C in air for 2 h. The Pt-ZnO catalysts (0.5 or 1.0 Pt wt.%) were obtained by photochemical deposition method on the surface of the prepared ZnO sample, using hexachloroplatinic acid (H2PtCl6). It has been shown that Zn2+ is lost from the photocatalyst to the medium and a replacement of the cationic vacancies of Zn2+ by Pt4+ cations occurs during the platinization process of the ZnO samples, regardless of whether the platinum metal photodeposition process. The as-prepared catalysts were characterized by XRD, BET, FE-SEM, TEM, XPS and diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (DRS). Three different probe molecules were used to evaluate the photocatalytic properties under UV-illumination: Methyl Orange and Rhodamine B were chosen as dye substrates and Phenol as a transparent substrate. High conversion values (ca. 100%) and a total organic carbon (TOC) removal of 90–96%, were obtained over these photocatalysts after 160 min of UV illumination. In general, it was observed that the presence of Pt on ZnO affects the lattice parameters and the crystallite size. Although ZnO can completely degrade RhB, MO and Phenol totally in ca. 60 min, the process is more efficient for Pt–ZnO photocatalysts.
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/193182
DOI10.1016/j.cattod.2017.12.009
ISSN0920-5861
Appears in Collections:(ICMS) Artículos

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