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Geometric treatment of electromagnetic phenomena in conducting materials: variational principles

AutorBadía-Majós, A.; Cariñena, J. F.; López, Carlos
Fecha de publicación6-nov-2006
EditorInstitute of Physics Publishing
CitaciónJournal of Physics a: Mathematical and General 39: 14699-14726 (2006)
ResumenThe dynamical equations of an electromagnetic field coupled with a conducting material are studied. The properties of the interaction are described by a classical field theory with tensorial material laws in spacetime geometry. We show that the main features of superconducting response emerge in a natural way within the covariance, gauge invariance and variational formulation requirements. In particular, the Ginzburg–Landau theory follows straightforwardly from the London equations when fundamental symmetry properties are considered. Unconventional properties, such as the interaction of superconductors with electrostatic fields are naturally introduced in the geometric theory, at a phenomenological level. The BCS background is also suggested by macroscopic fingerprints of the internal symmetries. It is also shown that dissipative conducting behaviour may be approximately treated in a variational framework after breaking covariance for adiabatic processes. Thus, nonconservative laws of interaction are formulated by a purely spatial variational principle, in a quasi-stationary time discretized evolution. This theory justifies a class of nonfunctional phenomenological principles, introduced for dealing with exotic conduction properties of matter (Badía and López 2001 Phys. Rev. Lett. 87 127004).
Descripción28 pages, 3 figures.
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0305-4470/39/47/013
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