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Application of pressurized liquid extraction (PLE) to obtain bioactive fatty acids and phenols from Laminaria ochroleuca collected in Galicia (NW Spain)

AuthorsOtero, Paz; López-Martínez, Manuel I.; Rodríguez García-Risco, Mónica
KeywordsLaminaria ochroleuca
Pressurized liquid extraccion (PLE)
Fatty acids
Lipid quality indexes
Issue Date2019
CitationJournal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis 164: 86-92 (2019)
AbstractThe increase of pathologies like cardiovascular diseases, obesity or diabetes due to the nature of diet is a matter of concern in our society. Because of this, there is a high interest in healthy natural products that could prevent the appearance of such diseases. This paper aims to study the content of fatty acids (FAs) and phenolic compounds of brown alga Laminaria ochroleuca (L. ochroleuca) and to determine the nutritional quality of the lipids extracted using pressurized liquids extraction (PLE) technique. PLE was applied to the algae using four solvents of different polarity (hexane, ethyl acetate, ethanol and ethanol:water 1:1). Results showed that the higher yield (52%), is obtained with ethanol: water solvent, however, both ethyl acetate and ethanol enrich unsaturated fatty acid (USFA) (palmitoleic, linolenic, linoleic, oleic, araquidonic and eicosapenataenoic) in the lipid fraction of L. ochroleuca, providing extracts up to 55% of their total fatty acid content compared to other solvents. The nutritional quality of the lipids in all PLE extracts was assessed by considering the ω-6/ ω-3 fatty acid ratio and two dietary indexes involved in the risks of coronary heart disease, atherogenic (AI) and thrombogenic (TI). The lower (best) index values are for ethanol extract, 4.4 (ω-6/ ω-3), 0.74 (AI) and 1.05 (TI), followed of ethyl acetate, 4.4 (ω-6/ ω-3), 0.87 (AI) and 1.24 (TI). Finally, the antioxidant capacity of PLE alga extracts in terms of total phenol content (TPC) was analyzed by the Folin-Ciocalteu method. The ethanol: water extracts showed the highest TPC with a concentration up to 173.65 mg eq. gallic acid / g PLE extract.
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpba.2018.09.057
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