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Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus protein LANA2 disrupts PML oncogenic domains and inhibits PML-mediated transcriptional repression of the survivin gene

AutorMarcos-Villar, Laura; Lopitz-Otsoa, Fernando; Gallego, Pedro; Muñoz-Fontela, César; González-Santamaría, José ; Campagna, Michela; Shou-Jiang, Gao; S. Rodríguez, Manuel; Rivas, Carmen
Palabras claveKSHV
Fecha de publicaciónsep-2009
EditorAmerican Society for Microbiology
CitaciónJournal of Virology 83(17): 8849-8858 (2009)
ResumenInfection by herpesviruses causes a dramatic disturbance of PML Oncogenic Domains (PODs) that has been suggested to be essential for viral lytic replication. Several proteins from Kaposi’s sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) have been tested as putative PODs disrupting factors with negative results. Here, we show that LANA2, a viral protein that is absolutely required for the viability and proliferation of KSHV-infected primary effusion lymphoma (PEL) cells, increases the levels of SUMO2-ubiquitin-modified PML and induces the disruption of PODs by a proteasome-mediated mechanism. In addition, we demonstrate that this disruption is largely dependent both on the integrity of a SUMO-interaction motif in LANA2 and on the lysine 160 from PML. Moreover, silencing of the LANA2 expression in PEL cells by RNA interference led to an increase in the PML levels. Finally, we demonstrate that LANA2 relieves PML-mediated transcriptional repression of survivin, a protein that directly contributes to malignant progression of PEL. This represents the first example of inactivation of these important antiviral structures by KSHV.
Descripción10 pages, 7 figs, supplementary information may be found at http://jvi.asm.org/
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