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Determination of polychlorinated biphenyls in small-size serum samples by solid-phase extraction followed by gas chromatography with micro-electron-capture detection

AuthorsGómara, B. CSIC ORCID ; Ramos, Lourdes CSIC ORCID ; González, María José
KeywordsMicro-electron-capture detection
Polychlorinated biphenyls
Issue Date2002
CitationJournal of Chromatography B 766(2): 279-287 (2002)
AbstractAn new method for the determination of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in serum samples of up to 1 ml has been developed. The procedure consisted in the solid-phase extraction (SPE) of the analytes on an Oasis cartridge and the subsequent on-line elimination of the fat by directly dropping of the eluate from the SPE cartridge on a multilayer column placed below the cartridge. This configuration allowed minimising of the sample manipulation as well as the time, solvent and sorbent consumption (i.e. complete sample preparation can be accomplished in about 1 h with only 3 ml of toluene and 300 mg of silica). The SPE plus clean-up method developed showed a satisfactory performance for the analysis of PCBs in rat serum samples providing similar recoveries (i.e. range 73–128% for most of the congeners selected) at the different spiking levels investigated (1.25, 0.50 and 0.25 ng/ml). Detection limits using a microelectron capture detector were in the range 0.01–0.30 ng/ml of serum and the relative standard deviations of the complete method better than 18% irrespective of the PCB concentration. The validated method has been applied to the evaluation for the first time of the PCB levels in serum samples of up to 1 ml from individuals of an Egyptian Vulture colony in Spain.
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.1016/S0378-4347(01)00508-4
Appears in Collections:(IQOG) Artículos
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