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Contributions of coastal MPAs to marine ecosystem recovery and fisheries sustainability in the NW Mediterranean

Other TitlesContributions of coastal MPAs to marine ecosystem recovery and fisheries sustainability in the northwestern Mediterranean
AuthorsVilás González, Daniel; Corrales, X. ; Piroddi, Chiara ; Steenbeek, Jeroen ; Belharet, Mokrane; Calò, Antonio; Carbonara, Pierluigi; Claudet, Joachim; Di Franco, Antonio; Font, Toni; Guidetti, P.; Ligas, Alessandro; Lembo, Giuseppe; Lloret, Josep ; Melià, Paco; Prato, Giulia; Sahyoun, R.; Sartor, Paolo; Coll, Marta
Issue DateDec-2018
CitationFishForum 2018 (2018)
AbstractThe overexploitation of many marine stocks in the Mediterranean Sea calls for the development and assessment of tools to support the recovery, rebuilding and conservation of marine resources while contributing to fisheries sustainability. In this study, we assessed the beneficial impacts of three Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) in the northwestern Mediterranean Sea and their potential contributions to fisheries sustainability at the local and subregional level. To do so, we first built twelve food-web models for three MPAs in the northwestern Mediterranean Sea (Cerbere-Banyuls MPA, Medes Islands MPA and Cap de Creus Natural Park) using the Ecopath with Ecosim (EwE) approach. For each MPA, we constructed four Ecopath models representing the three different management areas (Fully Protected Area – FPA; Partial Protected Area – PPA; Unprotected Area – UPA) in each site, and another model representing the whole MPA. We followed the same mass-balance procedure and a similar food-web structure in order to facilitate the comparison of each management zone within and between MPAs. Results of the models were used to (1) characterize and compare the structure and functioning of each MPA management area; (2) assess differences/similarities between MPA management areas and among the three MPAs; and (3) assess if no-take management areas have noticeable impacts in the three areas and can be related to history, traits and compliance of protection. Our comparative approach shows small differences between management areas in terms of ecosystem structure and functioning, while similarities are found between Cerbere-Banyuls and Medes Islands due to their similar configuration, enforcement and establishment
DescriptionForum on Fisheries Science in the Mediterranean and The Black Sea (FishForum 2018), 10-14 December 2018, Rome, Italy
Publisher version (URL)http://www.fao.org/gfcm/fishforum2018/presentations/posters/en/
Appears in Collections:(ICM) Comunicaciones congresos
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