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Molecular basis of deafness caused by insulin-like growth factor type 1 deficiency

AuthorsRodriguez-de la Rosa, Lourdes ; Bermúdez-Muñoz, Jose Mª; López, Marina; Sanz, Almudena; Mertens, Melaine; Celaya, Adelaida M. ; Morales, Jose M.; Calvino, Miryam; Lassaletta, Luis ; Cediel, Rafael ; Contreras, Julio ; Varela-Nieto, Isabel ; Murillo-Cuesta, Silvia
Hearing loss
Issue Date2019
Citation6th Symposium on Biomedical Research (2019)
AbstractWorld Health Organization estimates that around 466 million people worldwide have disabling hearing loss (HL), and 34 million of these are children. The most common is sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL), a heterogeneous disorder which is produced mainly by the irreversible loss of sensory cells or neurons in the cochlea. Insulin like growth factor type 1 (IGF-1) is a neurotrophic factor key for the regulation of postnatal cochlear growth and differentiation. Human IGF-1 deficiency is a rare disease (ORPHA73272) associated with growth retardation, microcephaly and SNHL. The mouse model lacking the Igf1 gene reproduces the syndrome and presents dwarfism and SNHL. IGF-1 deficiency causes important cellular alterations in the mouse cochlea, such as the early apoptosis of auditory neurons and the deficit in myelination. Analysis of downstream signalling in the Igf1-/- cochlea has shown the activation of p38 MAPK pathway, involved in response to stress, whereas ERK1/2 and AKT pathways, which regulate proliferation and survival, are impaired. A transcriptomic study carried out in the Igf1-/- showed the altered expression of the cell cycle modulator Foxm1 and of the myocyte enhancer factor-2 (Mef2), a key factor for cellular differentiation, during inner ear development and early postnatal ages.IGF-1 haploinsufficiency has been also associated with growth retardation and HL in human genetic disorders such as Laron syndrome. In contrast, the Igf1+/- mouse does not show congenital HL, but adult mice hearing thresholds progressively increase with ageing and mice show increased susceptibility to noise insult. Adult Igf1+/- cochleae show unbalanced redox and inflammation biomarkers, as well as altered IGF-1 downstream signalling, which have been proposed as molecular mechanism underlying susceptibility. Mouse models of IGF-1 deficiency constitute a valuable tool to study the molecular bases of deafness and to identify potential targets to develop new HL therapies.
DescriptionResumen del póster presentado al 6th Symposium on Biomedical Research: Advances and Perspectives in Molecular Endocrinology "In Homage to Gabriella Morreale", celebrado en el Instituto de Investigaciones Biomédicas Alberto Sols (IIBM-CSIC) el 31 de mayo de 2019.
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.24217/2531-0151.19v1s3.00013
Appears in Collections:(IIBM) Comunicaciones congresos
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