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TiO2 and TiO2–SiO2 coated cement: Comparison of mechanic and photocatalytic properties

AuthorsMendoza, C.; Valle, A.; Castellote, Marta; Bahamonde, A. ; Faraldos, Marisol
Issue DateNov-2015
CitationApplied Catalysis B: Environmental 178: 155-164 (2015)
AbstractAn increasingly known application of nanomaterials in the construction industry is related to the photoactivity ability of semiconductors, where nano-anatase TiO2 is perhaps the most well-known photocatalytic semiconductor and one which possesses a strong oxidizing capability. To analyze the photo-efficiency of four TiO2 coatings and the effect of SiO2 interlayer on the mechanic and photocatalytic activity in Rhodamine B (RhB) and NOx photodegradation, two photocatalytic cement series have been prepared. First, cement mortar was coated with three commercial TiO2 suspensions (GG1, GC7 and CG13) and a home-made titania sol–gel (TEA), and secondly an insertion of a SiO2 layer was applied on cement surface before spraying the TiO2 layer. All studied TiO2-cements exhibited a significant RhB and NOx photodegradation, arising almost total RhB molar conversions, and upper 53% for NOx photo-oxidation respectively. Nevertheless, although SiO2 layer deposited in between mortar and TiO2-cement did not stabilize the commercial TiO2 coatings, a good adhesion was observed when silica was applied joint to the home-made titania gel (TEA), probably as a consequence of the interactions encountered between SiO2 and TiO2 gels. CG7-Si-Cem exhibited high rate at shorter irradiation times, but TEA-Cem and TEA-Si-Cem can be considered as very interesting and potential photocatalytic mortars due to useful mechanical properties, with a very good coatings adhesion that provides promising outdoor use, and good photo-efficiencies in RhB and NOx photo-oxidation.
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apcatb.2014.09.079
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