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Title

Effects of Different Raw Materials in the Synthesis of Boehmite and γ- and α-Alumina

AuthorsPadilla, Isabel ; López-Andrés, Sol; López-Delgado, Aurora
KeywordsBoehmite
Synthesis
Aluminum chloride
Alumina polymorphs
Issue Date2016
PublisherHindawi Publishing Corporation
CitationJournal of Chemistry 2016: ID 5353490, 6 pages (2016)
AbstractTwo alumina polymorphs, the metaestable γ-Al2O3 and the stable α-Al2O3, were obtained fromthermal treatment of the precursor γ-AlOOH (boehmite).This precursor was prepared by a precipitation method employing different raw materials in order to study their effect on the synthesis process and several characteristics of thematerials, such as the crystallite size, the thermal behavior, and the surface area. Aluminum chloride (AlCl3.6H2O) and an aluminum waste were used as the source of aluminum. A 1M NaOH solution and a 1M n-butylamine solution were used as alkalizing agents, due to their strong and weak alkaline characteristics, respectively.TheXRDprofiles of the boehmites obtained fromwaste showlower crystallinity than samples obtained from aluminum chloride. The content of water, from TG studies, was higher in the samples obtained from waste, which fit well with the smaller crystallite size.The use of n-butylamine as alkalizing agent favors the formation of γ-aluminawith higher surface area (177.2 cm2 g-1, for aluminum waste, and 159.4 cm2 g-1, for aluminum pure reagent).The temperature of transformation fromgammato alpha, from DTA results, is higher for samples obtained from the waste, and accordingly the presence of impurities in the waste stabilizes the metastable alumina phase.
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.1155/2016/5353490
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/190069
Identifiersdoi: 10.1155/2016/5353490
issn: 2090-9071
Appears in Collections:(CENIM) Artículos
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