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Defect-enhanced Rashba spin-polarized currents in carbon nanotubes

AuthorsSantos, Hernán CSIC ORCID; Chico, Leonor CSIC ORCID; Alvarellos, J. E.; Latgé, A.
Issue Date15-Oct-2017
PublisherAmerican Physical Society
CitationPhysical Review - Section B - Condensed Matter 96(16): 165401 (2017)
AbstractThe production of spin-polarized currents in pristine carbon nanotubes with Rashba spin-orbit interactions has been shown to be very sensitive to the symmetry of the tubes and the geometry of the setup. Here we analyze the role of defects on the spin quantum conductances of metallic carbon nanotubes due to an external electric field. We show that localized defects, such as adsorbed hydrogen atoms or pentagon-heptagon pairs, increase the Rashba spin-polarized current. Moreover, this enhancement takes place for energies closer to the Fermi energy as compared to the response of pristine tubes. Such increments can be even larger when several equally spaced defects are introduced into the system. We explore different arrangements of defects, showing that for certain geometries there are flips of the spin-polarized current and even transport suppression. Our results indicate that spin valve devices at the nanoscale may be achieved via defect engineering in carbon nanotubes.
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.96.165401
Identifiersdoi: 10.1103/PhysRevB.96.165401
issn: 2469-9950
e-issn: 2469-9969
Appears in Collections:(ICMM) Artículos
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