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Por favor, use este identificador para citar o enlazar a este item: http://hdl.handle.net/10261/18901
Título

Retrograde diagenesis, a widespread process on a regional scale

AutorNieto, F.; Mata, M. Pilar; Bauluz, B.; Giorgetti, G.; Árkai, P.; Peacor, D. R.
Palabras claveRetrograde
Diagenesis
Xrd
Tem
Sem
Illite-smectite
Regional metamorphism
Chlorite-smectite
Fecha de publicaciónmar-2005
EditorMineralogical Society (Great Britain)
CitaciónClay Minerals 40(1): 93-104 (2005)
ResumenPelitic and basic rocks occurring within prograde sequences in Portugal, Spain and Hungary have been studied by X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The minerals formed in typical prograde reactions define the general sequences, but smectite, chlorite-smectite (corrensite) and/or berthierine were found to have replaced chlorite, whereas kaolinite and mixed-layer illite-smectite replaced illite-muscovite. Alteration occurred under conditions normally associated with diagenesis, subsequent to regional metamorphism, and we therefore refer to such processes with the term "retrograde diagenesis". In the cases studied and in other cited examples, reactions occurred on a regional basis via pervasive fluids under open-system conditions inferred to be related to tectonic stress. The observed alterations could generally not be inferred from XRD data, although the presence of pure smectite in sediments other than bentonite is suggestive of retrograde relations, especially where other minerals are consistent with a higher grade of diagenesis. Retrograde diagenesis is readily observed through imaging of textures by TEM, however. Textural features show that retrograde reactions are more common than generally assumed, and that care should be used in interpreting geological events where appropriate textural relations are not seen.
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1180/0009855054010158
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/18901
DOI10.1180/0009855054010158
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