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Outbreak and rradication of tropical rat mite (Acari: Macronyssidae) in a European animal facility

AuthorsBrito-Casillas, Yeray; Díaz-Sarmineto, Mercedes; García-Arencibia, Moisés; Carranza, Cristina; Castrillo, Antonio ; Fernández-Pérez, Leandro; Zumbado-Peña, Manuel; González, Jorge F.; Wägner, Ana M.
Issue Date2018
PublisherOxford University Press
CitationJournal of Medical Entomology 55(2): 468-471 (2018)
AbstractA zoonotic, opportunistic out-break of tropical rat mite Ornithonyssus bacoti [Acari: Macronyssidae; Ornithonyssus bacoti (Hirst)] in an animal facility, is described. Immunocompetent mice [Mus musculus (Linnaeus)] and rat [Rattus norvegicus (Berkenhout)] strains in a conventional health status facility suffered from scratching and allopecia and staff members suffered from pruritic, erythemato-papular lesions, presumed to be allergic in origin. O. bacoti was identified and treatment with a 0.1% ivermectin solution led to its complete erradication. Safety assessment revealed no signs of acute toxicity in any animal strain. Following this inexpensive strategy, 7 wk after the initial dose, samples were negative for the presence of acari. At the time of this report, 26 months after diagnosis, O. bacoti remains undetected.
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.1093/jme/tjx184
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